Botany Bay


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Botany Bay,

inlet, New South Wales, SE Australia, just S of Sydney. It was visited in 1770 by James Cook, who proclaimed British sovereignty over the east coast of Australia. The site of the landing is marked by a monument on Inscription Point. The bay was named by Cook and Sir Joseph Banks because of the interesting flora on its shores. Although Australia's first penal colony was often called Botany Bay, its actual site was at Sydney on Port Jackson. The bay is now an important cargo port with chemical facilities and an oil refinery.

Botany Bay

1. an inlet of the Tasman Sea, on the SE coast of Australia: surrounded by the suburbs of Sydney
2. (in the 19th century) a British penal settlement that was in fact at Port Jackson, New South Wales
References in periodicals archive ?
The first fleet of 11 ships bound for Botany Bay prepares to sail under the command of Governor Phillip.
Captain Cook sailed into folklore in 1770 when he discovered Australia by landing his boat Endeavour at Botany Bay.
Linford Christie under-estimated his Australian opposition and paid the price by missing out on the Botany Bay Gift final in Sydney yesterday.
Mae'r Bethan Gwanas wedi cyhoeddi ei chyfrol ddiweddaraf, 'I Botany Bay' a chawn ei chwmni nos Wener.
As part of the contract,a new waste transfer terminal will be built in Banksmeadow, to receive the household waste from five of the participating Councils: Botany Bay, Rockdale, Woollahra, Waverley and Kogarah.
The traditional Australia Day ocean race from Sydney Harbour south to Botany Bay and back, retracing the passage north of the First Fleet 222 years ago to hoist the Union Jack and begin the European colonisation of Australia, attracted a fleet of nearly 40 yachts.
He worked as a painter for Botany Bay Company for years before becoming sick.
He also said the ship was built in 1790 and originally carried prisoners to the Botany Bay penal settlement.
Of infamous character: the convicts of the Boddingtons, Ireland to Botany Bay 1793 which has been written and published by Barbara Hall is the third book in a series of five, in which the author is producing the details of the crime, trial and sentenced imposed of the 125 male and 29 female convicts aboard the Boddingtons which departed Cork for Botany Bay on the 15th of January 1793.
A SHIP'S log which details a mutiny by Irish convicts on their way to Botany Bay in 1796 fetched $170,000 at auction yesterday.
Should we now expect a shipment to Botany Bay?" Australian writer Kathy Lette
A further 35 yachts competed in the CYCA's Australia Day Regatta short ocean race from Sydney Harbour to Botany Bay and return, replicating the course taken by the First Fleet when it moved from its original landfall north to the more suitable Port Jackson.