Bothidae


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bothidae

 

(left-eye flounders), a family of fishes of the order Pleuronectiformes. The body is rhomboid, with both eyes on its left side. The pelvic fins are asymmetric. The roe are pelagic. There are about 200 species, united in the following three subfamilies: Paralichthyinae (21 genera), Bothinae (13 genera), and Scophthalminae (four genera). The first two subfamilies are found in tropical and temperate latitudes, and the last is encountered only in temperate latitudes. In the USSR the Scophthalminae are found in the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov, the Sea of Japan, and—less frequently—the Barents Sea. The fishes are commercially valuable.

REFERENCES

Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Promyslovye ryby SSSR (text to an atlas of color drawings of fish). Moscow, 1949.
Svetovidov, A. N. Ryby Chernogo moria. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Zhizn’zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clupeidae > Engraulidae > Carangidae > Cynoglossidae > Tetraodontidae Teraponidae > Mugilidae > Atherinidae > Synodontidae > Ophichthidae > Pristigastridae > Chirocentridae > Scombridae > Gerreidae > Soleidae > Bothidae > Pleuronectidae > Hemiramphidae
Four species of flounder (Pleuronectiformes: Bothidae).
When the larvae were evaluated, the family Engraulidae was the dominant family (88%) just like in the eggs, and was followed by Clupeidae (4%), Gobiidae (2%), Sparidae (2%) family and other families which were found less than 1% (Myctophidae, Syngnathidae, Merlucciidae, Cepolidae, Carangidae, Callionymidae, Blenniidae, Mugilidae, Bothidae and Soleidae) (Fig.
Hemoglobin gelation in the summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus, family Bothidae) is markedly different from that in either the toadfish or the tautog.
A few taxa, including lefteye flounders (Bothidae), the margined snake eel (Ophichthus cruentifer), and the rosette skate (Leucoraja garmani), were observed only on soft bottom (Figs.
Unidentified goby O Pleuronectidae Pleuronichtliys coenosus C-O Turbot O Pleuronichthys decurrens Curlfin Turbot O Psettichthys melanostictus Sand Sole O Parophrys veflus English Sole T Platichthys stellatus Starry Flounder T Bothidae Citharichthys stigmaeus Speckled Sanddab T % Total Species name Frequency abundance (rank) Myliobatididae Myliobatis californica 1.0 <0.1 (30) Clupeidae Sardilrops sagax 0.5 <0.1 (28) Salmonidae Oncorliynclms mykiss 0.5 <0.1 (31) Osmeridae Hyponresus pretiosus 3.4 0.5 (14) Osmeridae spp.
and Pomadasys spp., corocoro grunt (corcoroca) Orthopristis ruber (Cuvier, 1830), kingcroakers (papa-terras) Menticirrhus spp., American harvestfish (gordinho) Peprilus paru (Linnaeus, 1758), black drum (miraguaia) Pogonias cromis (Linnaeus, 1766), bluefish (anchova/anchoveta) Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766), mojarras (carapicu) Eucinostomus spp., Brazilian mojarra (caratinga) Eugerres brasilianus (Cuvier, 1830), largehead hairtail (espada) Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus, 1758, king weakfish (pescadinha) Macrodon ancylodon (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) and left-eye flounders (linguados) (Bothidae family).
Guide to northeast Pacific flatfishes: families Bothidae, Cynoglossidae, and Pleuronectidae.
This paper reports the first occurrence of the 30th species of flatfish in California and the first occurrence of the family Bothidae in the state.