Botocudo

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Botocudo

 

Borun, an Indian tribe whose members formerly lived in eastern Brazil (present state of Espirito Santo). They spoke dialects of Botocudo.

The Botocudo engaged in food gathering, catching fish, hunting, and some farming. As a result of European colonization, almost all of the Botocudos were annihilated or died out. At the turn of the 20th century, the survivors were settled on reservations. By the middle of the 20th century the Botocudos had ceased to exist as a separate ethnic group.

REFERENCE

Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rodrigues-Carvalho et al., "Identification of Polynesian mtDNA haplogroups in remains of Botocudo Amerindians from Brazil," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Para tanto, avisava, seria indispensavel antes dominar os botocudos, nome generico dado a varios povos que enfeitavam os labios inferiores e os lobulos das orelhas com botoques, pedacos circulares de madeira (RENAULT 1903, p.
cabeludos, botocudos, gualachos, chiquis); 5) a relacao dos povos Je meridionais com os povos Tupi meridionais; 6) a relacao dos povos Je meridionais com as praticas de uso e manejo de plantas; 7) a dinamica de ocupacao territorial e os sistemas de assentamento dos Je meridionais; 8) as tecnologias de producao e uso da sua cultura material, ao longo do tempo; 9) a necessidade de se buscar novos problemas e temas de pesquisa de relevancia para esses povos na atualidade.
Outros ensaios apresentam resultados de incidencia de tracos nao-metricos que sugerem existir uma consideravel distancia genetica entre indios Botocudos e os sambaquieiros litoraneos do acervo do Museu Nacional da Universidade do Rio de Janeiro (Mello e Alvim et.
Uma delas e a colecao de esqueletos pre-historicos originarios de Lagoa Santa, MG e a outra e a de esqueletos historicos de Botocudo, distribuidos no interior do Maranhao ate Minas Gerais.