Botryomycosis


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botryomycosis

[‚bä·trē‚mī′kō·səs]
(veterinary medicine)
A chronic infectious bacterial disease of horses caused by Staphylococcus aureus and characterized by localized fibromatous tumors.

Botryomycosis

 

a chronic, infectious disease of animals, accompanied by inflammatory thickening of dense connective tissue, sometimes resembling tumors. The disease is caused by the fungus Botryomyces ascoformans and is localized mainly in places where a harness touches the skin, on the stump of the spermatic cord, and in the muscles, lymph nodes, and udder. The disease affects horses and, less frequently, cattle, sheep, and pigs. The economic loss is insignificant. The treatment is surgical. Preventive measures call for keeping the animals under hygienic conditions.

REFERENCE

Fel’dshtein, M. A. “Botriomikoz.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sulfur granules maybe numerous; however, the presence of sulfur granules is neither sensitive nor specific for actinomycosis, also being seen in nocardiosis, chromomycosis, and botryomycosis. (17) Of note, Actinomyces colonization can coexist with necrotic lung cancer.
Botryomycosis is a rare chronic granulomatous infection that usually involves the skin and rarely viscera.
It was first described by Poncet and Dor in 1897 as botryomycosis hominis based on the assumption that it arose secondary to a fungal infection [6].
The Splendore-Hoeppli phenomenon itself is not specific for basidiobolomycosis [18] and can also be observed in other infections, such as botryomycosis [23] bronchocentric granulomatosis due to Aspergillus [24] mycetoma [25] and Pityrosporum folliculitis skin infection [26], although the combination of the clinical presentation, the Splendore-Hoeppli phenomenon, and septate hyphae suggests basidiobolomycosis.
Other diseases presenting as discharging sinuses in children are actinomycosis, botryomycosis, nocardiosis, and sporotrichosis.
Keeping in mind the possibility of actinomycosis or botryomycosis, he has been given two weeks course of broad-spectrum antibiotics for which he did not respond.
Botryomycosis also known as bacterial pseudomycosis is a rare chronic bacterial granulomatous disease that usually involves skin and rarely the viscera.
Pyogenic granuloma (lobular capillary hemangioma) is a benign, exophytic, vascular tumor, described in 1897 by Poncet and Dor as botryomycosis hominis.
Defective cellular immunity associated with chronic mucocutaneous moniliasis and recurrent staphylococcal botryomycosis: immunological reconstitution by allogeneic bone marrow.