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(both: bo͞o'gənvĭl`ēə) [for L. A. de BougainvilleBougainville, Louis Antoine de
, 1729–1811, French navigator. He accompanied Montcalm to Canada as aide-de-camp, and he later (c.1764) established a colony on the Falkland Islands but had to surrender the settlement to Spain (1766).
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], any plant of the genus Bougainvillea of the family Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clockfour-o'clock,
common name for members of the Nyctaginaceae, a family of plants found in warm climates, especially in the Americas, chiefly as herbs but often in the tropics as shrubs or trees.
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 family); chiefly tropical American woody vines with showy petallike bracts, usually in shades of brilliant red or purple. Bougainvilleas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Caryophyllales, family Nyctaginaceae.



a genus of South American plants of the family Nyctaginaceae. Plants of this genus are low trees or more often shrubs—creeping, climbing, or clinging (lianas). The leaves alternate and have entire edges. The blossoms are small and profuse and are enclosed in broad, bright covering leaves (bracts), which determine the ornamental value of a bougainvillea. There are approximately 15 species. Two Brazilian species are mainly cultivated: bald bougainvillea (B. glabra)and remarkable bougainvillea (B. spectabilis). These multiply readily by means of cuttings and grow quickly. In the USSR bougainvillea is grown in the south in gardens and in the north in greenhouses.


, bougainvillaea
any tropical woody nyctaginaceous widely cultivated climbing plant of the genus Bougainvillea, having inconspicuous flowers surrounded by showy red or purple bracts
References in periodicals archive ?
Description of a new hydromedusa from the southwestern Atlantic Ocean, Bougainvillia pagesi sp.
X X Native D'Orbigny, 1851 Cnidaria Anthozoa Octocorallia Telestacea Telestidae Carijoa riisei X X X Introduced Milne- (Duchas-saing & Edwards & Michelotti, Haime, 1857 1860) Cnidaria Hydrozoa Anthoathecata Bougainvilliidae Bougainvillia X X Cryptogenic Lutken, 1850 muscus (Allman, 1863) Eudendriidae Eudendrium X X Native L.
The hydromedusae Bougainvillia macloviana, Hybocodon chilensis, Hydractinia tenuis, Laodicea pulcra, L.
Meanwhile, the species of the genus Bougainvillia, B.
Jellyfish fauna of the inner waters is made up by common species of the ecosystems of the southern channels and fjords between Puerto Montt and the Cape Horn (genera Bougainvillia, Hybocodon, Hydractinia and Proboscidactyla) (Pages & Orejas, 1999; Galea, 2006, 2007; Galea et al.
This is also observed in this zone, where a positive association among various dominant species sharing their spatial and vertical distribution was seen, such as the species belonging to genera Bougainvillia and Proboscidactyla (Figs.
It may be pointed out that except the other dominant species collected in both winter and spring, the presence of Bougainvillia muscus, Cunina peregrina, Hydractinia borealis, Rhopalonema velatum, Clytia simplex, Proboscidactyla ornata and P.
Such obvious contradiction may be explained by the strong increase of almost all jellyfish species during spring (> 14 times), which results in a disguising of the diversity values, as the ShannonWiever index includes the specific abundance, which was extremely high for Bougainvillia muscoides, Proboscidactyla ornata, P.
A positive association among species from the same genus was observed at depth, such as Bougainvillia muscoides and B.