Bouillon, Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de

Bouillon, Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de

(frādārēk` mōrēs` də lä to͞or dōvĕr`nyə dük də bo͞oyôN`), c.1605–1652, French general; son of Henri de Bouillon. Brought up a Protestant, he campaigned in Holland under his uncle Maurice of NassauMaurice of Nassau
, 1567–1625, prince of Orange (1618–25); son of William the Silent by Anne of Saxony. He became stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland after the assassination (1584) of his father.
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. In 1635 he entered the service of France. He rebelled against Cardinal RichelieuRichelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de
(Cardinal Richelieu) , 1585–1642, French prelate and statesman, chief minister of King Louis XIII, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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 in 1641, but after a reconciliation he was given command (1642) of the French forces in Italy. Soon afterward he was arrested in the Cinq MarsCinq Mars, Henri Coëffier Ruzé d'Effiat, marquis de
, 1620–42, French conspirator. Introduced at court by Cardinal Richelieu at an early age, Cinq Mars rapidly rose in King Louis XIII's favor and was made master of the horse.
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 conspiracy and, in return for pardon, ceded to France the sovereign principality of Sedan, which his family had held. He embraced Roman Catholicism, went to Rome, and commanded the papal troops. In 1649 he returned to France and took part in the FrondeFronde
, 1648–53, series of outbreaks during the minority of King Louis XIV, caused by the efforts of the Parlement of Paris (the chief judiciary body) to limit the growing authority of the crown; by the personal ambitions of discontented nobles; and by the grievances of
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 on the side of the princes. In 1651, however, he submitted and exchanged Sedan and Rocourt, which he then held as fiefs, for other territories.
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