Bouillon, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne, duc de

Bouillon, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne, duc de

(äNrē` də lä to͞or dōvĕr`nyə, vēkôNt` də türĕn` dük də bo͞oyôN`), 1555–1623, marshal of France, diplomat, and Protestant leader. He served with Henry IV against the Catholic LeagueLeague
or Holy League,
in French history, organization of Roman Catholics, aimed at the suppression of Protestantism and Protestant political influence in France.
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 but fled (1603) to Geneva when he was ordered arrested for his part in a conspiracy against the king. Under Marie de' Medici he returned and entered the council of regency, from which he withdrew after a quarrel with the queen. He participated in a series of pro-Calvinist intrigues but later retired to his independent duchy, which he had acquired through marriage in 1591. He founded a library and a Protestant college at Sedan. Bouillon was the grandson of Anne de Montmorency and the father of TurenneTurenne, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de
, 1611–75, marshal of France, one of the greatest of French commanders. The son of the duc de Bouillon, he was brought up as a Protestant. He began his military career in the Dutch army but soon entered French service.
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.
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