Houari Boumédienne

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Boumédienne, Houari


Born Aug. 16, 1925, in Guelma. Algerian political, military, and government figure. Colonel (1957).

Boumédienne was born into a peasant family. He was educated at the universities of Zaitouna in Tunis and Azhar in Egypt and is a teacher by profession. He taught Arabic in Cairo. In 1955 he returned clandestinely to Algeria and joined the Algerian people’s armed struggle against the French colonialists. In 1958 he was appointed commander of the rebel units in Oran Province. From 1960 to 1962 Boumédienne was a member of the National Council of the Algerian Revolution and chief of the general staff of the National Liberation Army. In 1962 he became minister of national defense of the Algerian People’s Democratic Republic (APDR), and from 1963 to 1965 he was also first vice-chairman of the Council of Ministers. Since June 19, 1965, he has been chairman of the Revolutionary Council and since July 10 simultaneously chairman of the Council of Ministers and minister of national defense of the APDR. Boumédienne visited the USSR in 1963, 1965, and 1967.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The authors would like to express sincere gratitude to the department of Biology of University of Science and Technology Houari Boumedienne (USTHB), Algiers for contributions, particularly Pr Hamouli Zohra for her invaluable assistance at laboratory of endocrinology.
Our study has been undertaken in two regions geographically contiguous, the first one, natural, which is in region of Bab-Ezzouar, within university campus of University of Science and Technology Houari Boumedienne and the second one, which is a private farm, located in Baraki.
In January, footage from security cameras in ystanbul AtatE-rk Airport recorded Hayat Boumedienne, an accomplice of the assailants in the deadly attack on French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, who was also traveling to southeastern Turkey.
The system runs to the Algiers harbour and to the Houari Boumedienne International Airport.
President Abdel'Aziz Bouteflika, born on March 2, 1937, joined the war in 1956 and rose quickly through the ranks of l'Armee de Liberation Nationale (ALN) until became close to the second post-war President Huari Boumedienne in the 1960s.
This stunning picture shows Amedy Coulibalythe future Hyper Cacher terroristand his girlfriend Hayat Boumedienne searching for locations in front of a Jewish school.
The man in question already contacted police on Tuesday to say he had had contacts with Hayat Boumedienne, the partner of Coulibaly now believed to be in Syria.
Similarly Hayat Boumedienne, Coulibaly's wife, who is reported to have escaped to Syria, was long known for her association with radical groups.
Mevlut Cavusoglu told the staterun Anadolu Agency that Hayat Boumedienne arrived in Turkey from Madrid on January 2, ahead of the attacks, and stayed at a hotel in Istanbul with another person before crossing into Syria on Thursday.
Mevlut Cavusoglu told the state-run Anadolu Agency on Monday that Hayat Boumedienne arrived in Turkey from Madrid on Jan.
Questioned by counterterrorism police after visiting Beghal, Boumedienne said: "When I saw the massacre of the innocents in Palestine, in Iraq, in Chechnya, in Afghanistan or anywhere the Americans sent their bombers, all that - well, who are the terrorists?" The Kouachis were under police surveillance for five years but it was stopped last July as they were deemed low risk.