Bouquet, Henry

Bouquet, Henry

(bo͞okā`), 1719–65, British army officer in the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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. A French Swiss, he came to America in 1756 and distinguished himself as second in command to Gen. John ForbesForbes, John,
1710–59, British general in the French and Indian Wars, b. Scotland. He entered the British army in 1735, won distinction and promotion in the War of the Austrian Succession, and in 1757 was made a colonel and was sent to reinforce the expedition against
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 in the successful expedition (1758) against Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh). In Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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 he decisively defeated the Native Americans in a hotly contested battle at Bushy Run (Aug., 1763) near Pittsburgh. In 1764, Bouquet, on an expedition into the Ohio country, forced the Shawnee and other indigenous people to lay down their arms. He was brigadier general commanding the Southern Dist. at his death.

Bibliography

See his papers, ed. by S. K. Stevens et al. (4 vol., 1951–78); M. C. Darlington, History of Colonel Henry Bouquet and the Western Frontiers of Pennsylvania (1920, repr. 1971).

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