Bourbons


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Bourbons

 

(French form; Borbones in Spanish; Borboni in Italian), royal dynasty which ruled in France in the years 1589-1792, 1814-15, and 1815-30; in Spain in the years 1700-1808, 1814-68, and 1874-1931; in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Kingdom of Naples) in the years 1735-1805 and 1814-60; also a dynasty of Dukes of Parma and Piacenza which ruled in the years 1748-1802 and 1847-59.

The first representative of the dynasty, Henry IV, who reigned from 1589 to 1610, pursued a policy of strengthening French absolutism. This policy was continued by his successor Louis XIII, who reigned from 1610 to 1643. The reign of Louis XIV (1643-1715) marked the culmination of absolutism. Under Louis XV (1715-74) signs of a crisis of absolutism appeared. In France the Bourbons were deposed in 1792 during the Great French Revolution, and Louis XVI was executed in 1793. The restoration of 1814-30 revived the Bourbon dynasty in the persons of Louis XVIII (1814—15, 1815-24) and Charles X (1824-30). After the July Revolution of 1830 the French throne was held by Louis Philippe (1830-48), a representative of the Orleanist branch—a junior branch of the Bourbons—which was overthrown by the Revolution of 1848.

Louis XIV’s grandson Philip, under the name of Philip V (1700-24, 1724-46), established the Spanish branch of the Bourbons which held the throne until 1931, when the revolution in Spain led to the proclamation of a republic. Philip V’s sons, who came into possession of the Neapolitan Kingdom in 1735 and the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza in 1748, founded the Neapolitan and Parma branches of the Bourbons. Representatives of the Parma and Neapolitan Bourbons lost the throne in the years 1859-60, during the revolutionary unification of Italy.

References in periodicals archive ?
M2 EQUITYBITES-December 15, 2016-Cork & Barrel to open bourbon store at LEX
In the evening, Bourbons Bistro owner Jason Brauner will share his extensive knowledge of bourbon that he brings from years of industry experience.
produces Woodford Reserve and Old Forester bourbons.
After the success of small batch bourbons, we came out with the first flavored bourbons, Red Stag by Jim Beam, which attracted an entirely new category of consumers, women.
Still, flavor profiles among different brands of Bourbons can be much narrower than those of various Scotches, says Curtis Cheney, head barman for Del Frisco's in Fort Worth, Texas, part of a nine-location steakhouse chain headquartered in Wichita, Kansas.
Summary: In Loretto, Kentucky, Greg Davis of Maker's Mark carries on an old family tradition of making bourbon with red winter wheat to stimulate taste buds in the front of the mouth.
When Hollis is home she spends time working on her art in her live/work studio at the famed Los Angeles artists' loft community, the Brewery, where she has combined her love of bourbon and art by using the family archives to design and faux-finish parts of the loft in the fashion of a speakeasy.
So when Tricia Baker from the New Hampshire Business Review told me the publication was sponsoring a free bourbon tasting recently at Villa Banca, my favorite Italian restaurant in Nashua, and maybe the whole state, I threw aside my typical fidelity to single malt Scotch and signed up.
Jim Rutledge, master distiller of Four Roses Bourbon, came to London to launch the brand this week.
Bold and fiery in its most generic form, Kentucky straight bourbon whiskey is jokingly referred to as an uncouth and coarse swig for banjo-infatuated rabble-rousers.
The eighteenth-century Bourbons, by contrast, favored festivals that furthered royal authority directly, such as the ceremony of allegiance to the king and the Royal Banner ceremony.
More recently many distillers have accepted these economics and begun to produce better but dearer bourbons.