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(French form; Borbones in Spanish; Borboni in Italian), royal dynasty which ruled in France in the years 1589-1792, 1814-15, and 1815-30; in Spain in the years 1700-1808, 1814-68, and 1874-1931; in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Kingdom of Naples) in the years 1735-1805 and 1814-60; also a dynasty of Dukes of Parma and Piacenza which ruled in the years 1748-1802 and 1847-59.

The first representative of the dynasty, Henry IV, who reigned from 1589 to 1610, pursued a policy of strengthening French absolutism. This policy was continued by his successor Louis XIII, who reigned from 1610 to 1643. The reign of Louis XIV (1643-1715) marked the culmination of absolutism. Under Louis XV (1715-74) signs of a crisis of absolutism appeared. In France the Bourbons were deposed in 1792 during the Great French Revolution, and Louis XVI was executed in 1793. The restoration of 1814-30 revived the Bourbon dynasty in the persons of Louis XVIII (1814—15, 1815-24) and Charles X (1824-30). After the July Revolution of 1830 the French throne was held by Louis Philippe (1830-48), a representative of the Orleanist branch—a junior branch of the Bourbons—which was overthrown by the Revolution of 1848.

Louis XIV’s grandson Philip, under the name of Philip V (1700-24, 1724-46), established the Spanish branch of the Bourbons which held the throne until 1931, when the revolution in Spain led to the proclamation of a republic. Philip V’s sons, who came into possession of the Neapolitan Kingdom in 1735 and the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza in 1748, founded the Neapolitan and Parma branches of the Bourbons. Representatives of the Parma and Neapolitan Bourbons lost the throne in the years 1859-60, during the revolutionary unification of Italy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Heaven Hill, for example, has frequent gatherings of its Bardstown Bourbon Society for fans of its bourbons, while Brown-Forman convenes the Old Forester 1870 Society for devotees of the Old Forester brand.
Today, these ultra-premium bourbons continue to grow at a faster pace than premium bourbons.
In fact, very good bourbons come from Virginia and Tennessee, (arguably the most famous American whiskey is a Tennessee whiskey, Jack Daniel's.
Some of the finest bourbons in the world are created at the Jim Beam and Maker's Mark distilleries and we are proud to honor the craftsmanship of these products with bourbon aficionados throughout Florida.
The Bardstown Bourbon Company will be a celebration of the Bardstown community, from the local ingredients we use to produce our product and the team that designs and builds our distillery, to the employees that distill, barrel and store our bourbons," said David Mandell, president and CEO of The Bardstown Bourbon Company.
That, in turn, has raised awareness of not just the new small batch or single barrel whiskies, or even bourbons as a whole, but the wide variety of American whiskey being produced by old distilleries and newcomers alike.
Beam Global, the world's number one bourbon producer, owns several of the world's iconic bourbons including:
A favorite among critics, Old Forester Birthday Bourbons have taken home gold from numerous tasting competitions including "BEST BOURBON, Double Gold Medal" in the 2012 San Francisco World Spirits Competition as well as "Gold" medals in the 2005, 2006 & 2007 competitions.
Super premiums and high-end expressions proliferate as small batch, extra-aged and single barrel bourbons draw new consumers and lots of attention to the category.
Says Pratt, "These two bourbons were set for release at the beginning of this year, but I held them back for a bit more aging.
Bourbons Bistro of Louisville, KY and Winding Waters Rafting have joined forces to provide you with “Hell's Canyon on the Rocks” June 20-22, 2014 in Oregon.
Other small batch bourbons like Knob Creek and Basil Hayden's soon followed.