Bourmont, Louis Auguste, comte de Ghaisnes de

Bourmont, Louis Auguste, comte de Ghaisnes de

(lwē ôgüst` kôNt də gân də bo͞ormôN`), 1773–1846, marshal of France. An émigré, he fought against the French Revolution under the prince de Condé, in the VendéeVendée
, department (1990 pop. 509,356), W France, on the Bay of Biscay, in Poitou. The offshore islands of Noirmoutier and Yeu are included in the department. Largely an agricultural (dairying, cattle raising) and forested region, the Vendée has many beach resorts
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, and as a leader of the ChouansChouans
[Norman Fr.,=owls], peasants of W France who rose against the French Revolutionary government in 1793. One of their first leaders was Jean Cottereau, traditionally nicknamed Jean Chouan, marquis de La Rouerie [John the owl, marquess of Mischief], and the Chouans
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. Imprisoned in 1800, he escaped (1804) to Portugal, but in 1807 he was reconciled to Napoleon, whom he served in several campaigns. In the Hundred Days he deserted to the Prussians on the eve of Waterloo and joined the Bourbon standard. King Charles X made him minister of war (1829) and marshal (1830). He was successfully leading an army to Algeria when the revolution of 1830 made him an exile. In 1832 he aided Caroline de BerryBerry, Caroline Ferdinande Louise, duchesse de
, 1798–1870, wife of the French prince, Charles Ferdinand, duc de Berry; daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies. She went into exile from France after the overthrow of King Charles X, her father-in-law.
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 in her feeble insurrection; in 1840 he returned to France under an amnesty.
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