Jean Baptiste Boussingault

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Boussingault, Jean Baptiste

 

Born Feb. 2, 1802, in Paris; died there May 11, 1887. French chemist; author of classic research on plant nutrition; one of the founders of scientific agrochemistry. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1839).

Boussingault graduated from the Higher Mining School in St. Etienne. He was a professor at two agrochemical institutes, first at Lyon and later at Versailles. In 1839 he became a professor at the Conservatory of Arts and Trades (Paris). He engaged in research and practical work in his laboratory in Pechelbronn (Alsace). Boussingault elaborated a series of studies on physiology and agricultural chemistry, the root nourishment of plants, problems of fertilizers, the rotation of substances in nature, the nitrogen cycle, and the dynamics of nitrogen in the soil. In particular, he established that all plants other than legumes, which themselves enrich the soil with nitrogen, take nitrogen from the soil. He was the founder of the vegetative method in the field of plant physiology and agronomy. He is the author of numerous articles and two fundamental studies, Field Agriculture in the Light of Chemistry, Physics, and Meteorology (vols. 1-2, 1851) and Agronomy and Agricultural Chemistry and Physiology (vols. 1-7, 1860-84).

WORKS

Essai de statique chimique des êtres organisés, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1843-44.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannye proizvedeniia po fiziologii rastenii i agrokhimii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1957.

REFERENCE

Timiriazev, K. A. Zhan Batist Bussengo: Sobr. soch., vol. 2. Moscow, 1948.

A. I. OPARIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Restructuring of the michelet center- 48-52 rue boussingault 75013 paris
DISTANCES Apogee August 2, 18h UT 405,024 km Diameter 29' 30" Perigee August 18, 13h UT 366,123 km Diameter 32' 38" Apogee August 30, 11h UT 404,306 km Diameter 29' 34" FAVORABLE LIBRATIONS Lavoisier Crater August 12 Pythagoras Crater August 15 Abel Crater August 25 Boussingault Crater August 28
5) ICube Laboratory, University of Strasbourg/CNRS, 2 Rue Boussingault, Strasbourg, 67000, France
Auch die wichtigen Korrespondenzen mit dem Verlagshaus Cotta, dem franzosischen Chemiker Jean-Baptiste Boussingault sowie mit Angehorigen der Familie Mendelssohn wurden jungst durch Briefausgaben erschlossen.
113-114), y recordaba al celebre viajero Boussingault que se gratificaba por la cantidad de gemelos que nacian en esta localidad: "esto no es raro en este distrito donde se ven hombres menores de cincuenta anos sentados a la mesa con veinte o mas hijos todos en salud floreciente y de buena conducta" (Uribe Angel, 1885, p.
a traves de su filial Colombian Mining Association, negocio directamente con los antiguos propietarios la compra de las mejores minas del Canton, para lo cual conto con los servicios del mineralogista frances Juan Bautista Boussingault.
Con decir que todavia a diez anos de publicado el texto de Vasconcelos en Venezuela el Ministro de Educacion Nacional, el mismo Augusto Mijares nombrado, hizo incinerar una edicion oficial de uno de los tomos de las memorias del cientifico frances Jean Baptiste Boussingault, por las picantes anecdotas que referia de dona Manuela.
Boussingault in 1834, which was confirmed by Hellriegel and Wilfarth (1888).
The role of N though the process of biological N fixation and in manures and inorganic forms such as salt petre in promoting plant growth and increasing crop yields followed in the 1840s through the work of Boussingault in France Liebig in Germany and Lawes in England.
En cuanto a los extranjeros, en 1825, el frances Boussingault y los banqueros Goldschmidt, de Londres, controlan unas doce minas de Marmato y Supia; Tyrell Moore se convierte en un pionero del cultivo intensivo del cafe en Antioquia aprovechando las 64000 hectareas de baldios que le fueron adjudicados y el ingeniero de minas Edward Walker hace lo propio con las primeras plantaciones en la region Manizales-Chinchina (Aprile, 1992:23, 28).
Over the course of the next half-century, however, researchers such as Justus von Liebig, Jean-Baptiste Boussingault, and Sir Joseph Henry Gilbert significantly advanced the world's understanding of agricultural processes.
33) En sus cronicas, el viajero frances Jean Baptiste Boussingault anotaba como las gentes de la sabana de Bogota le tenian "horror" al agua y no recibian vinos que no fueran de Espana pero por lo general estaban mas acostumbrados a la chicha como bebida autoctona.