Boutros Boutros-Ghali

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Boutros-Ghali, Boutros

(bo͞o`trōs, gä`lē), 1922–2016, Egyptian statesman, secretary-general of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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 (1992–96). Born into a politically connected Coptic Christian family, he earned degrees in law at the universities of Cairo (LL.B., 1946) and Paris (Ph.D., 1949). He was (1949–79) professor of international relations at Cairo Univ. A member of numerous academic and diplomatic organizations, he was present (1978) at the Egypt-Israel Camp David accordsCamp David accords,
popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C.
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 negotiations. He also served as Egypt's delegate to the United Nations and other international bodies and conferences. A member of the Egyptian parliament (1987–91), Boutros-Ghali became Egypt's minister of state for foreign affairs (1977–91) and deputy prime minister for foreign affairs (1991). The first African and Arab head of the United Nations, he moved to reorganize and streamline the UN Secretariat and strengthen the UN's peacekeeping role, but failed to adequately deal with civil war in Somalia and genocides in Rwanda and Bosnia. In 1996, after severe policy disagreements, mainly with the United States, he was unable to secure a second term. He served as secretary-general of La FrancophonieFrancophonie, La,
officially the International Organization of the Francophonie,
Fr. Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), an intergovernmental organization of mainly French-speaking nations that promotes the education and culture of French
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, an organization of French-speaking nations, from 1997 to 2002, and later was chairman of South Centre, overseeing research for developing countries.


See his Egypt's Road to Jerusalem (1997) and Unvanquished: A U.S.-UN Saga (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
Security Council members stood to observe a moment of silence in memory of Boutros-Ghali, who was 93.
With Boutros Boutros-Ghali we have lost a diplomat and politician of global renown who, like few others, shaped the United Nations during his tenure as Secretary-General and prepared the UN for new tasks and challenges, said Steinmeier.
The first and only Arab to assume the position as head of the UN, Boutros-Ghali was not elected to a second term due to a United States veto, paving the way for Kofi Anan to succeed him.
Egyptian diplomat Boutros-Ghali died on Tuesday aged 93.
beaucoup moins que]L'observation internationale des elections est devenue une coutume internationale adoptee par la majorite des pays du monde et dont l'importance se multiplie dans les pays qui passent par des phases transitoires vers la democratie, comme par exemple l'Egypte[beaucoup plus grand que], observe Dr Boutros-Ghali.
Boutros-Ghali, who fled to London after the rising, was found guilty of corruption in his absence.
Controlling the press and torturing journalists during Mubarak's Presidency revealed: a journalist was arrested for revealing the relationship between Boutros-Ghali, and Shimon Peres.
Specifically, Boutros-Ghali got 15 years for wasting public money and another 15 years for abusing his prominent position by exploiting finance ministry funds.
Boutros-Ghali predicted they would generate a rise of around 1.
This was not because Aidid was perpetrating "genocide," as the film insists, but because UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali saw Aidid's clan as an impediment to the world body's designs for "nation-building.
Secretary-General Boutros-Ghali, sent these ``servicemen'' to their deaths not to protect America, but to prevent Aidid from gaining power.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the sixth Secretary General of the United Nations and the only one to serve a single term, mentions it on page four of his just-published memoir, Unvanquished: A U.