Boutros Boutros-Ghali

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Boutros-Ghali, Boutros

(bo͞o`trōs, gä`lē), 1922–2016, Egyptian statesman, secretary-general of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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 (1992–96). Born into a politically connected Coptic Christian family, he earned degrees in law at the universities of Cairo (LL.B., 1946) and Paris (Ph.D., 1949). He was (1949–79) professor of international relations at Cairo Univ. A member of numerous academic and diplomatic organizations, he was present (1978) at the Egypt-Israel Camp David accordsCamp David accords,
popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C.
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 negotiations. He also served as Egypt's delegate to the United Nations and other international bodies and conferences. A member of the Egyptian parliament (1987–91), Boutros-Ghali became Egypt's minister of state for foreign affairs (1977–91) and deputy prime minister for foreign affairs (1991). The first African and Arab head of the United Nations, he moved to reorganize and streamline the UN Secretariat and strengthen the UN's peacekeeping role, but failed to adequately deal with civil war in Somalia and genocides in Rwanda and Bosnia. In 1996, after severe policy disagreements, mainly with the United States, he was unable to secure a second term. He served as secretary-general of La FrancophonieFrancophonie, La,
officially the International Organization of the Francophonie,
Fr. Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), an intergovernmental organization of mainly French-speaking nations and regions that promotes the education and culture of
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, an organization of French-speaking nations, from 1997 to 2002, and later was chairman of South Centre, overseeing research for developing countries.

Bibliography

See his Egypt's Road to Jerusalem (1997) and Unvanquished: A U.S.-UN Saga (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
Last week, the world bade farewell to Boutros-Ghali, when he passed away at a Cairo hospital, at the age of 93.
If only the US had supported Boutros-Ghali's vision for world peace through UN peace-keeping instead of spending billions on the CIA, due to a paranoid fear of communism, we would have been in a very different place in the Middle East instead of on the brink of an even more catastrophic conflict.
Farewell Boutros-Ghali, deeply respected former Egyptian foreign minister, distinguished son of Africa.
In this message, the Sovereign said that it was with deep sorrow that He learned the news of the demise of Boutros-Ghali. At this painful moment, HM the King offers His condolences and sincere sympathy to the family and relatives of Boutros-Ghali.
Boutros-Ghali's spell at the UN remains controversial.
Boutros-Ghali organised the first UN relief operation for famine-hit Somalia.
The first UN chief from Africa, Boutros-Ghali, at the time of his appointment, had been Deputy Prime Minister for Foreign Affairs of Egypt since May 1991 and had served as Minister of State for Foreign Affairs from October 1977 until 1991.
Prior to assuming the UN position, Boutros-Ghali served in the Egyptian government as acting minister of foreign affairs twice between 1978 and 1979.
Boutros-Ghali, born in Egypt in 1922, served as the UN chief from 1992-1996.
CARTHAGE, (TAP) - President Beji Caid Essebsi extended his condolences to Egyptian President Abdelfattah al-Sissi, after the death of former Secretary-General of the United Nations Boutros Boutros-Ghali and prominent journalist Mohamed Hassanein Heikal, the Presidency of the Republic said on Wednesday.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali, former secretary-general of the United Nations, (http://www.cnn.com/2016/02/16/world/un-boutros-boutros-ghali-dies/index.html) died Tuesday  in Cairo, leaving behind a legacy of diplomacy both in the peacekeeping organization and in his home country of Egypt.
Former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, whose term was marked by war in the former Yugoslavia and famine and genocide in Africa, has died, the president of the Security Council said on Tuesday.