Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pleuropneumonia, Contagious Bovine

 

an infectious disease generally accompanied by serofibrinous pleuritis and by lobar pneumonia with inflammation of the interlobular connective tissue and lymphatic vessels and development of anemic necroses and sequestra. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is distributed in Africa, Australia, Europe (Spain), and Asia. The disease was eradicated in the USSR in 1939. The causative agent, a microorganism of the family Mycoplas-mataceae, was first isolated by the French investigators E. No-card and P. Roux in 1898. Buffalo, yaks, bison, and zebu are susceptible to the disease. The causal agent is spread by airborne droplets that result from sneezing or coughing; less frequently it is expelled with the urine. Chronically sick animals play a major role in the spread of the disease.

Symptoms include high fever (above 14°C), labored breathing, coughing, a lack of appetite, and diarrhea. Diagnosis is based on epizootologic data, clinical examination, and the results of dissection and laboratory tests. If contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is established, the farm is quarantined, sick animals and suspect animals are killed, and special veterinary-sanitary measures are taken.

REFERENCE

Bakulov, I. A. “Poval’noe vospalenie legkikh krupnogo rogatogo skota.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 4. Moscow, 1973.

I. A. BAKULOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The present study was designed to determine seroprevalence and associated risk factors of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in cattle in Gimbo district of southwest Ethiopia and the results clearly showed that the disease is rampant in the study area.
Amanfu, "Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (lung sickness) in Africa," Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, vol.
Yune, "Seroprevalence and distribution of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in Ethiopia: Update and critical analysis of 20 years (1996-2016) reports," Frontiers in Veterinary Science, vol.
Anon, "Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia," in Terrestrial Manual of Diagnostic TestsandVaccines, p.
Salini et al., "Plasma levels of TNF-[alpha], IFN-y, IL-4 and IL-10 during a course of experimental contagious bovine pleuropneumonia," BMC Veterinary Research, vol.
Ndi, "An estimation of the economic impact of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in Africa," Revue scientifique et technique of Office international des Epizootic, vol.
McAuliffe, "Review on Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia," Biomedicine and Nursing, vol.
Cisse et al., "Seroprevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in Mali," Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol.
Surafel, "Seroprevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in abattoirs at Bishoftu and export oriented feedlots around Adama, Ethiopia," GlobalVeterinaria, vol.
Molla, "Seroprevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia at export quarantine centers in and around Adama, Ethiopia," Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol.
Deresa, "Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia: Seroprevalence and risk factors in Western Oromia, Ethiopia," Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, vol.
Hailu, "Sero-prevalence of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in bulls originated from Borena pastoral area of Southern Ethiopia," Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol.

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