box turtle

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box turtle,

hard-shelled land turtleturtle,
a reptile of the order Chelonia, with strong, beaked, toothless jaws and, usually, an armorlike shell. The shell normally consists of bony plates overlaid with horny shields.
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 of the genus Terrapene, native to North America. Its lower shell, or plastron, has a hinge dividing it into front and rear sections; the animal can raise these sections to meet the upper shell, or carapacecarapace
, shield, or shell covering, found over all or part of the anterior dorsal portion of an animal. In lobsters, shrimps, crayfish, and crabs, the carapace is the part of the exoskeleton that covers the head and thorax and protects the dorsal and lateral surfaces.
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, forming a secure box around its body. It is primarily a vegetarian, although it also eats insects, earthworms, and slugs. The box turtle hibernates during cold winters and mates in the spring. In summer the female buries from two to seven eggs, which hatch out in the early fall. The young often remain in the nest until the following spring. The Eastern box turtle, Terrapene carolina, is a woodland species found in the eastern and central United States. The Western species, T. ornata, is found in the grasslands of the central United States and northern Mexico. There are also several rare Mexican species. Box turtles are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Chelonia, family Emydidae.
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References in periodicals archive ?
As many Chinese people believe that tortoise shell is an excellent Chinese medicine material, yellow-margined box turtles have become a target for hunting, the agency said, adding that even though the turtles have been listed as an endangered species, it is not enough to deter people from hunting the reptile, the agency added.
Our results offer several key points that could help design or refine management plans for prairie ecosystems where box turtles are present.
Southeast Asian box turtles are deemed "vulnerable" by the same organisation.
Box turtles like moist woodlands, swampy bottom lands, and wet meadows.
The tiny six-week-old Vietnamese box turtle, a critically endangered species, weighs just half an ounce.
"There is cover again for box turtles. Several pair of hooded warblers are nesting here again.
The mainland China population of the yellow-margined box turtle, a terrestrial species, is considered critically endangered due to habitat loss and over-collection, while the Taiwanese population has also declined in recent decades due to expansion of agricultural lands and illegal collecting.
& SAVIDGE, J.A., 2005.--Demographics of an ornate box turtle population experiencing minimal human-induced disturbances.
For the first time the United States is making a joint proposal with China - two proposals, in fact - one for protection for a group of freshwater box turtles, and another for a separate group of softshell turtles.
Last year, one of us asked a man where he obtained the bin of hatchling box turtles that were a lot less than 4 inches in length.
We chose three turtles (spiny softshell turtles, ornate box turtles, and eastern river cooters) as indicator species.
Philippine Wildlife Bureau head Mundita Lim says the pond turtles were confiscated at the Hong Kong airport in February from a Chinese student, along with 13 more common box turtles.