Boxer Protocol

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Boxer Protocol


(in Russian, Final Protocol), an accord signed on Sept. 7, 1901, between China and the powers (Germany, Austria- Hungary, Belgium, Spain, the USA, France, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, and Russia) that suppressed the anti-imperialist Boxer Rebellion (also known as the I Ho T’uan Rebellion).

Under the terms of the protocol, China pledged to pay an indemnity of 450 million taels by 1940; with interest the total indemnity payment was 982 million taels (1.5 billion gold rubles). In addition, the importation of arms and ammunition by China was prohibited for two to four years, the Taku military forts were razed, the great powers were given occupation rights at 12 points between Peking and the sea, and a regular military guard was set up in the legation quarter. The Boxer Protocol served to facilitate China’s enslavement by foreign imperialists and its transformation into a semicolony.


Sbornik dogorov idiplomaticheskikh dokumentov po delam Dal’nego Vostoka 1895–1905 g.g. St. Petersburg, 1906.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The September 1901 Boxer Protocol imposed a huge indemnity on the Qing state and established permanent foreign garrisons in the capital to guard a legation district that was removed from Chinese control and turned into an internationalised enclave.
7, 1901, China and eleven other nations signed the Boxer Protocol, by which China agreed to pay $333,000,000 in indemnity.
Known as the Boxer Protocols, it called for territorial and financial penalties, including a seven-year ban on the importation or manufacture of military arms, ammunition and supplies.