Buxus

(redirected from Boxtree)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Buxus

 

(box), a genus of evergreen shrubs or trees of the family Buxaceae. The leaves are opposite, entire, and smooth-edged. The small, unisexual flowers have one or several bracts and a four- to six-leaved perianth. They are gathered into a capitate-spicate inflorescence, usually having a solitary pistillate flower surrounded by numerous staminate flowers. The fruit is a trilocular capsule, which, upon ripening, breaks open and scatters its black, shiny seeds.

There are more than 40 species (according to other data, as many as 70), distributed in Southeast and East Asia, in the Mediterranean region (including the Caucasus), along the Atlantic coast of Europe, in the West Indies, on Socotra, on Madagascar, and in Africa.

Two species grow amid the underbrush in the middle and lower mountain zones of the USSR. B. colchica is found in the Western Caucasus, and B. hyrcana grows in the Talysh Mountains. Four species have been introduced into the USSR: B. sempervirens, B. microphylla, B. harlandii, and B. balearica. B. sempervirens, which is native to the Mediterranean region, is a densely leaved shrub or tree measuring 6–10 m tall and having shiny, leathery leaves. It is used as a border plant or as a hedge. B. microphylla and B. harlandii, both of which are East Asian species, are cultivated in the Crimea and the Caucasus, as is B. balearica, which is native to the Balearic Islands.

The plants yield a wood that is yellow, very dense, strong, and hard. It is used in lathe work as a material for carving and engraving; it is also used in the manufacture of such articles as mouthpieces, pipes, combs, and rulers.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.

V. N. GLADKOVA

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
But Emma Mann, of Boxtree, said they wanted to chart Southgate's progress from his Euro '96 semi-final penalty miss against Germany to the forthcoming World Cup.
Body Control - The Pilates Way, published by Boxtree, is due for release next year, and reveals how to improve your health AND appearance by walking, standing and sitting correctly.
Lydia Campbell's Ultimate Legs, Bums 'N' Tums is published by Boxtree, price pounds 8.
Suffolk-based theatre company Boxtree Productions is coming to Warwickshire's Stoneleigh Park with its first production - an openair family musical adaptation of Alexandre Dumas' The Three Musketeers.
The Boxtree Tea Shop, in Burscough, is giving customers the chance to win afternoon tea for two - but only if they can guess the secret ingredient in a Prince William-inspired chocolate biscuit cake.
Sh-t My Dad Says, by Justin Halpern, is published by Boxtree, priced pounds 9.
From A Little Book Of Dumb Questions, by Michael Powell, published by Boxtree, pounds 2.
Crap Towns' is published by Boxtree, an imprint of Pan Macmillan, and is priced at GBP10.
See for instance The Joy of Work, Boxtree, Basingstoke, 1999.
0- 10/3/94 /CONTACT: Lisa Buksbaum of Boxtree Communications, Inc.
Its imprints include Macmillan, Pan, Picador, Boxtree, Sidgwick & Jackson, Tor, Macmillan Children's Books, Young Picador and Campbell Books.