Buxus

(redirected from Boxtree)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Buxus

 

(box), a genus of evergreen shrubs or trees of the family Buxaceae. The leaves are opposite, entire, and smooth-edged. The small, unisexual flowers have one or several bracts and a four- to six-leaved perianth. They are gathered into a capitate-spicate inflorescence, usually having a solitary pistillate flower surrounded by numerous staminate flowers. The fruit is a trilocular capsule, which, upon ripening, breaks open and scatters its black, shiny seeds.

There are more than 40 species (according to other data, as many as 70), distributed in Southeast and East Asia, in the Mediterranean region (including the Caucasus), along the Atlantic coast of Europe, in the West Indies, on Socotra, on Madagascar, and in Africa.

Two species grow amid the underbrush in the middle and lower mountain zones of the USSR. B. colchica is found in the Western Caucasus, and B. hyrcana grows in the Talysh Mountains. Four species have been introduced into the USSR: B. sempervirens, B. microphylla, B. harlandii, and B. balearica. B. sempervirens, which is native to the Mediterranean region, is a densely leaved shrub or tree measuring 6–10 m tall and having shiny, leathery leaves. It is used as a border plant or as a hedge. B. microphylla and B. harlandii, both of which are East Asian species, are cultivated in the Crimea and the Caucasus, as is B. balearica, which is native to the Balearic Islands.

The plants yield a wood that is yellow, very dense, strong, and hard. It is used in lathe work as a material for carving and engraving; it is also used in the manufacture of such articles as mouthpieces, pipes, combs, and rulers.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.

V. N. GLADKOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
publishing giant Boxtree, "a relationship that's exciting and promises much for the future."
Boxtree Productions nbring The Three Musketeers to Stoneleigh Park
Antiques Roadshow A-Z of 20th Century Antiques, edited by Lars Tharp and with a foreword by Michael Aspel, is published by Boxtree, at pounds 25.
An impressive series of historians and commentators have been recruited as consultants to the various programmes, however, and spin-offs include a video collection and book of the series due to be published by Boxtree in the autumn.
Non-fiction THE DIARY OF EDWARD THE HAMSTER 1990-1990 BY MIRIAM ELIA AND ERZA ELIA (BOXTREE, pounds 6.99) A COLLABORATION between brother and sister duo Miriam and Ezra Elia, The Diary Of Edward The Hamster 1990-1990 is an 80-page journal written through the eyes of the titular rodent.
The Boxtree Tea Shop, in Burscough, is giving customers the chance to win afternoon tea for two - but only if they can guess the secret ingredient in a Prince William-inspired chocolate biscuit cake.
The whimsical offerings from Wales of listeners to BBC 6 Music's Toast the Nation in R2D2 Lives In Preston by the show's presenter Shaun Keaveny (Boxtree, pounds 9.99).
Never Kiss A Man In A Canoe, by Tanith Carey, is published by Boxtree, priced pounds 9.99.
"Whatever the reason," adds Shaw, "for a small nation with a reputation for reserve, the British Isles do seem to have thrown up more than their fair shall of oddballs." In his book Curing Hiccups With Small Fires (Boxtree, pounds 10.