Boyer, Paul Delos

Boyer, Paul Delos,

1918–, American biochemist, b. Provo, Utah, Ph.D. Univ. of Wisconsin–Madison, 1943. Boyer taught at the Univ. of Minnesota, first in Saint Paul (1946–56) and then in Minneapolis (1956–63). He taught at the Univ. of California, Los Angeles, from 1963 to 1989, becoming emeritus professor in 1990. Boyer received the 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with John WalkerWalker, Sir John Ernest,
1941–, English biochemist, Ph.D. Oxford, 1969. He has been a researcher at the Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge since 1974. In 1997 Walker was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Paul Boyer and Jens Skou.
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 and Jens SkouSkou, Jens Christian,
1918–, Danish chemist, M.D. Univ. of Copenhagen, 1944, Ph.D., 1954. Skou was on the faculty at the Univ. of Aarhus, Denmark, from 1947 until he retired in 1988.
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; Boyer was cited for elucidating the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphateadenosine triphosphate
(ATP) , organic compound composed of adenine, the sugar ribose, and three phosphate groups. ATP serves as the major energy source within the cell to drive a number of biological processes such as photosynthesis, muscle contraction, and the synthesis of
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 (ATP). Functioning as an energy carrier in all living organisms, ATP is important for all reactions that require energy, including building cell components, contracting muscles, and transmitting nerve messages.