Bozena Nemcova

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Němcová, Božena


(née Barbora Panklová). Born Feb. 4, 1820, in Vienna; died Jan. 21, 1862, in Prague. Czech writer.

Němcová finished primary school and continued her education on her own. She welcomed the revolutionary events of 1848 and, with her husband, J. Němec, tried to explain the events to the people in the countryside. She also wrote for the progressive press. She was the victim of official repression on more than one occasion.

Němcová’s first published works were the patriotic poem To the Czech Women (1843) and the book Folk Fairy Tales and Legends (parts 1–7, 1845–47; Russian translation, 1898). She gained recognition as a realistic prose writer with short stories and novellas about common people written in the 1850’s. Most notable are Baruška, Wild Bára, In and Near the Castle, and her most popular work, the novella The Grandmother (1855; Russian translation, 1866).

Němcová collected Slovak fairy tales and published them in Czech translation (Slovak Fairy Tales, 1857–58). In 1863, N. S. Leskov published the first article about Němcová to appear in the Russian press, as well as a translation of her fairy tale About the Twelve Months.


Spisy, vols. 1–15. Prague, 1950–61.
In Russian translation:
Babushka. Moscow, 1956.
Skazki, povesti, rasskazy. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961.
V zamke i okolo zamka. Leningrad, 1970.


Karskaia, T. S. “B. Nemtsova.” In Ocherki istorii cheshskoi literatury XIX-XX vv. Moscow, 1963.
Fučik, J. “Boriushchaiasia Bozhena Nemtsova,” In his Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1955.
Nejedly, Z. “Bozhena Nemtsova.” In his Stat’i ob iskusstve. Leningrad-Moscow, 1960.
Otruba, M. Božena Němcová, 2nd ed. Prague, 1964.
Tille, V. Božena Němcová, 9th ed. Prague, 1969.
Laiske, M. Bibliografie Boieny Němcové. Prague, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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You'll see why Zoe admires Czech writer Bozena Nemcova: She proved that "women and men are capable of the same great deeds" and encouraged women "not to be timid and shy, but to express their feelings and opinions." See Zoe's Bozena article and other cool stuff such as videos of Zoe showing how to do origami and singing a popular Czech rock song by searching Zoezoo, 12, Germany, at
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Bozena Nemcova was one of the most influential Czech literary figures of the mid-nineteenth century;, The Grandmother, published in 1855, is still the best-known novel in the Czech language.
On one of Chramostova's living-room walls hangs the death mask of a famous 19th-century Czech writer, Bozena Nemcova, whose life eerily parallels Chramostova's own.