# boson

(redirected from Bozon)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

## boson:

see elementary particleselementary particles,
the most basic physical constituents of the universe. Basic Constituents of Matter

Molecules are built up from the atom, which is the basic unit of any chemical element. The atom in turn is made from the proton, neutron, and electron.
; Bose-Einstein statisticsBose-Einstein statistics,
class of statistics that applies to elementary particles called bosons, which include the photon, pion, and the W and Z particles. Bosons have integral values of the quantum mechanical property called spin and are "gregarious" in the sense that an
.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

## Boson

bose particle, a particle with zero or integral spin. Bosons obey Bose-Einstein statistics (hence the designation of the particle). Bosons include light quanta, or photons (spin 1); quanta of the gravitational field (if such exist), or gravi-tons (spin 2); unstable elementary particles such as mesons and boson resonances; and also compound particles made up of an even number of fermions (particles of half-integral spin)—for example, atomic nuclei with an even total number of protons and neutrons (a deuteron, a 4He nucleus or alpha particle, and so on); and gas molecules. Bosons are also quasi-particles of integral (or zero) spin—for example, pho-nons in the solid state and in liquid 4He and excitons in semiconductors and dielectrics.

V. P. PAVLOV

## boson

[′bō‚sän]
(statistical mechanics)
A particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics; includes photons, pi mesons, and all nuclei having an even number of particles and all particles with integer spin.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## Higgs boson

The most elementary atomic particle discovered to date at the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland. With 99.9% certainty, the Higgs is said to be the particle that gives all other particles mass. It is smaller than all other particles but also heavier in atomic weight. Considered the glue of the universe, the Higgs is an invisible energy field that fills space.

The Higgs Is a Type of Boson
Named after Satyendra Nath Bose, a boson is a particle that shares quantum states and behaves collectively; for example, a photon is a boson. The Higgs is a type of boson that was postulated by three scientists in the 1960s: Peter Higgs, Francois Englert and Tom Kibble, all of whom were present in Geneva in 2012 when the discovery was officially announced. See quantum state and particle accelerator.

The God Particle Higgs is also called the "God Particle" after Leon Lederman's book, written two decades before it was finally observed. The book takes you through 2,500 years of physics with a sense of humor and an uncanny way of really teaching the subject.

## quantum state

A fundamental attribute of particles according to quantum mechanics. The quantum states are primarily x-y-z position, momentum, angular momentum, energy, spin and time.

Fermions
The shell structures of the atom are made up of fermion particles, which include the protons and neutrons in the nucleus and the electrons in the outer orbits. Fermions cannot share the same quantum state variables. For example, every electron traveling in electric current has a different quantum state than the electron next to it. The fermion was named after Italian physicist Enrico Fermi (1901-1954).

Bosons
Bosons are particles that can be in the same quantum state. Photons are examples of bosons, and lasers, masers and the superfluidity Helium derive their behavior as a result. The boson, pronounced "bow-son," was named after Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974). See quantum mechanics, electron, photon and Higgs boson.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Richard SENNETT, 1986; WEEKS, 1995; Anthony GIDDENS, 2001; Ulrich BECK; Elisabeth BECK-GERNSHEIM, 1995; BOZON, 2002; Michael KIMMEL, 2004) propoem entender a sexualidade, considerando-a uma "metafora" das transformacoes mais amplas da modernidade tardia e "foco da sua expressao" (GIDDENS, 2001, p.
The only one that lacks his hand is booklet 6 of Harley 273, which contains Bozon's Pleynte d'amour.
Como se adverte no texto de Diogenes (2008), antes mencionado, e em importantes pesquisas como a GRAVAD, coordenada por Heilborn, Aquino, Bozon e Knauth (2006), a participacao desses jovens em mercados ilegais/irregulares nao e contemplada em discursos progressistas que avancam na compreensao das "sexualidades adolescentes" como tempo de descobrimento, de afetos e de potenciacao ludica, porque continuam silenciando ou nao conseguindo lidar com o dinheiro, a intensificacao do desejo, a busca por assimetrias de poder, entre outras.
CAST: Mathieu Amalric, Lea Drucker, Stephanie Cleau, Laurent Poitrenaux, Serge Bozon, Blutch, Mona Jaffart, Veronique Aiain, Christophe Aubry
A exemplo disso, nos anos de 1980, no Brasil, o ficar difundiu-se como um novo modo de relacionamento, oferecendo ao jovem a oportunidade de ampliar o contato com parceiros variados, em uma noite ou por um breve instante, nao tendo, necessariamente, repercussoes para o futuro (Heilborn, Cabral, Bozon, & Grupo GRAVAD, 2006).
(6.) Zielenski J, Rozmahel R, Bozon D, Kerem B, Grzelczak Z, Riordan JR, Rommens J, Tsui LC.Genomic DNA sequence of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator(CFTR) gene.
Police chief Stephane Bozon said: "This off-piste area had a number of dangers, notably the rocks being only barely visible, covered with five to 10cm of snow."

Site: Follow: Share:
Open / Close