The structural "firsts" of the Seagram Building included: first tall building to combine a braced frame
with a moment frame (moment frames help resist wind and seismic forces), first to use a vertical truss bracing system, first to use high-strength bolted connections, and first to use a composite structural steel and concrete shear walls.
(2004) Effect of column stiffness on braced frame
Chen, "Nonlinear seismic response analysis of a mega braced frame
structure," World Earthquake Engineering, vol.
Among proposed lateral loading system, eccentrically braced frame
, though has little stiffness compared to the types of convergent braces, it has high strength, especially high energy absorption capability and tolerates stability hysteresis cycle under reciprocating loadings that achieving to this important issue is not possible regarding convergent braces due to buckling under the pressure.
A braced frame
is an efficient structural form for resisting lateral loads.
The tower's braced frame
system also provides superior seismic performance in compliance with California's strict criteria for acute care facilities.
Their topics include predicting the seismic displacement of landslides and gravity walls using a multi-block model, dynamic responses of high-speed railway bridges under earthquakes and their influences on running safety, seismic resistant braced frame
structures with shape-memory alloy-based self- centering damping devices, applying numerical tools for modelling granular soil behavior under earthquakes, applying dissipated energy to model cyclic loaded saturated soils, and simplified modal response history analysis for asymmetric-plan structures.
Depending on the style of climbing wall, the framework's fabrication and assembly begins with cutting hundreds of pieces of angle iron, measuring from 3" x 3" x 1/4" thick to 5" x 5" x 1/2" thick, and welding these pieces together to form 20' - 40' reinforced and braced frame
There's a braced frame
to cope with the claimed 148bhp and a slimmer fuel tank with a shorter reach to the bars; it feels more compact and remains one of the best out-of- the crate track bikes available.
It is calculated from [C.sub.mx] = 0.6-0.4(M1/M2) for the braced frame
member without transverse loading between the ends and [C.sub.mx] = 1 + [psi] ([f.sub.a]/[F'.sub.e]) for the braced frame
member with transverse loading.
Steel braced frame
systems are efficient since frame members work together like a truss and resist primarily axial loads with little or no bending in the members until the compression braces buckle.