Bradstreet, John

Bradstreet, John,

c.1711–1774, British officer in the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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. A Nova Scotian, he was captured (1744) by the French and confined at LouisburgLouisburg
, town (1991 pop. 1,261), E Cape Breton Island, N.S., Canada. The town, an ice-free port, is near the site of the great fortress of Louisbourg, built (1720–40) by France as its Gibraltar in America.
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. After his exchange he described the weaknesses of the fortress, and in 1745 Sir William Pepperrell captured the stronghold. For his services in the expedition, Bradstreet was promoted to the rank of captain and made lieutenant governor of St. John's, Newfoundland, a post he held permanently. He led (1758) the successful expedition against Fort Frontenac, thereby cutting communications between the French forces in Canada and those on the Ohio River. Later he served (1759) under Lord AmherstAmherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron
, 1717–97, British army officer. He served in the War of the Austrian Succession and in the early part of the Seven Years War. In 1758 he was sent to America as a major general to lead the Louisburg campaign in the last of the French and
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 at Ticonderoga and Crown Point. In Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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, Bradstreet commanded the forces that garrisoned (1764) Detroit and other Western posts.
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