Braganza


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Braganza

(brəgän`zä), royal house that ruled Portugal from 1640 to 1910 and Brazil from 1822 to 1889. It took its name from the castle of Braganza or Bragança. The line was descended from Alfonso, the natural son of John I of Portugal, who became the duke of Braganza in 1442. Although Alfonso's grandson, Ferdinand, was executed (1483) for alleged treason by John II, the family steadily increased its possessions. John, 6th duke of Braganza, married a niece of King John III, and when the Portuguese threw off Spanish rule in 1640, their grandson became king as John IV. The house of Braganza ruled Portugal until the establishment of a republic in 1910. After Brazil declared (1822) its independence, it was ruled as an empire under Pedro I, son of John VI of Portugal, and Pedro II until a revolution made it a republic in 1889.

Braganza

 

a dynasty of kings of Portugal from 1640 to 1853 and emperors of Brazil from 1822 to 1889. The Braganza dynasty began in Portugal with Duke Juan Braganza, who was proclaimed King Juan IV in 1640 after the division of Portugal and Spain. Upon the death of Maria II da Gloria (queen from 1834 to 1853), the Braganza dynasty died out in Portugal. The descendants of Maria II, who married the prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Braganza-Coburg dynasty), ruled Portugal from 1853 until the Portuguese Revolution of 1910. The Braganza dynasty ruled in Brazil from its separation from Portugal until the establishment of a republic.

References in periodicals archive ?
Merece la pena perderse en los pueblos y la naturaleza alrededor de Braganza. Degustar sus embutidos, comprar sus "caretos" o mascaras y escuchar el mirandes, su propia lengua (la segunda oficial de Portugal), con origen asturleones.
Braganza, one of the event organiz-ers used the term "Buglas" to describe the children of the province because Negros Oriental was formerly called Buglas.
Braganza further added "the decision was undertaken considering that cushioning of prices was no longer an option with tight margins coming into play." Panasonic India is set to increase the prices of its products by up to 7 per cent, while some others players have already increased it.
This agreement will enable us to further strengthen our presence and commitment in the country," said Eric Braganza, President Haier India.
Team Auj consists of 10 girls Azka Athar, Wardah Jamal, LaibaRodyna, Cybil Braganza, Fatima Sohail, Harim Akhtar, Aatrah Rauf, Zoiba Noor, Alaima Zahra and Sabah Zaman from Industrial Designing, Business Administration and Electrical Engineering Nust.
The team includes Azka Athar, Wardah Jamal, Sabah Zaman, Harim Akhtar, Cybil Braganza, Laiba Rodyna, Alaima Zahra, Aatrah Rauf, Zoiba Noor and Fatima Sohail.
The team includes Azka Athar (Team Lead), Wardah Jamal (Marketing Head), Sabah Zaman (Fabrication Head), Harim Akhtar (Technical Head), Cybil Braganza (Human Resource Manager), Laiba Rodyna (Finance Manager), Alaima Zahra (Marketing Executive), Aatrah Rauf (Technical Executive), Zoiba Noor (Technical Executive) and Fatima Sohail (Project Manager).
A week after cancelling formal negotiations originally slated for June 28, the government suspended backchannel talks with communist rebels to allow a three-month review of all agreements related to previous peace negotiations, government peace panel member Hernani Braganza said yesterday.
"Australia has been looking at an increased frequency of heatwaves and other extremes that have been positively associated with climate change," bureau spokesman Karl Braganza said.
The study has found examples of monks teaching works of Catholic controversy in the schools they ran, and illicit Benedictine publications being held within the personal collection of Catherine Braganza, the wife of King Charles II.
Catherine of Braganza, wife of English monarch Charles II, was said to have introduced which cutlery item to the dining tables of England?
(3) Esta audaz afirmacion figura en una carta escrita a comienzos de noviembre de 1530 por Jaime, IV duque de Braganza, al rey Juan III de Portugal, y me parece un excelente mote para introducir el tema central de este texto: la relacion entre la accion individual y las estructuras institucionales.