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a multilayered archaeological site in southern India (Mysore), excavated by the English archaeologist R. Wheeler in 1947.
The exploration of Brahmagiri permitted the investigation of the successive changing of cultures and of their development in southern India from the Neolithic age to the culture of the Andhra dynasty (end of the first century and the second century A.D.). The first layer (tenth to third century B.C.) dates from the so-called culture of the southern polished stone ax. Neolithic polished axes, microlite, molded ceramics, and various brass and bronze objects have been found.
The next culture dates from the Iron Age (from the third century B.C. to the first century A.D.). It is characterized by dark red ceramics and by special burial places that are customarily called megaliths. Some investigators attribute the change in culture to migrations from the north by Dravidian-speaking tribes; others see it as a development of native cultures.