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(both: brä`mən). In the Upanishads, Brahman is the name for the ultimate, unchanging reality, composed of pure being and consciousness. Brahman lies behind the apparent multiplicity of the phenomenal world, and is ultimately identical to the atman or inner essence of the human being (see VedantaVedanta
, one of the six classical systems of Indian philosophy. The term "Vedanta" has the literal meaning "the end of the Veda" and refers both to the teaching of the Upanishads, which constitute the last section of the Veda, and to the knowledge of its ultimate meaning.
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). This ultimate quality relates to the second meaning of Brahman, or Brahmin—a member of the highest, or priestly, Hindu caste. Brahmins alone may interpret the VedasVeda
[Sanskrit,=knowledge, cognate with English wit, from a root meaning know], oldest scriptures of Hinduism and the most ancient religious texts in an Indo-European language.
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 and perform the Vedic sacrifice. The vast majority of modern Brahmins are in occupations unrelated to religion, but they have retained their social prestige and many caste conventions. The Brahmins of India are divided into 10 territorial subcastes, 5 in the north and 5 in the south.


see CASTE.


(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

A succinct definition of Hinduism might read, "The Universe is profoundly One." This unity can best be understood by exploring the Hindu concepts of Brahman and Atman.

The Upanishads, which form part of the Hindu scripture, speak of Brahman as "Him the eye does not see, nor the tongue express, nor the mind grasp." Brahman is not a God, but rather the ultimate, unexplainable principle encompassing all of creation. Because creation preceded language, words cannot grasp the totality of Brahman. Any and every definition falls short. Brahman then becomes a word used to speak of what can be called a "macro" metaphysical principle.

But there is also a "micro" metaphysical principle. The subtle presence intuited within, identified as "soul" or "self" by other traditions, is called Atman. Atman, thus, perceives Brahman. But this perception leads to a central meditation discovered by the Hindu rishis, or sages, described in the Chandogya Upanishad:

In the beginning there was Existence alone—One only, without a second. He, the One [Brahman], thought to himself: "Let me be many, let me grow forth." Thus out of himself he projected the universe, and having projected out of himself the universe, he entered into every being. All that is has its self in him alone. Of all things he is the subtle essence. He is the truth. He is the Self. And that... THAT ART THOU!

When one discovers that Atman, the inner self, and Brahman, the essence of the universe, are indeed one, the experienced result is said to be one of immense peace and harmony, of coming home. The human perception of life is often that of a small, fragile being gazing out into an infinite, unknowable space. Hinduism teaches that the intuitive leap of realizing "that art thou" tells us we belong. We have a place. We are one with the stars and the consciousness that brought them into being.



(obsolete, Brahmin). (1) A category of Indian idealist philosophy—chiefly the Vedanta—designating the impersonal absolute that lies at the heart of all things.

(2) A member of the Indian Brahman caste.


supreme soul of the universe. [Hindu Phil.: Parrinder, 50]
See: God


1. a member of the highest or priestly caste in the Hindu caste system
2. Hinduism the ultimate and impersonal divine reality of the universe, from which all being originates and to which it returns
3. another name for Brahma
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They offer their Brahman and Simmentaler stud animals twice a year, at the Northern Select Winter Sale, which takes place in June and at the Northern Select Sale in Grootfontein, which will be on 7 November.
yellowness) for the Bonsmara, Beefmaster and Brahman carcasses was determined from the Muscular longissimus thoracis et.
He said, the Brahman Sabha was the representative of 40 lakh Brahmins living in Punjab and has been serving the society for last 50 years.
In general, the more diverse the breeds being crossed, the greater the heterosis we see in the calves--as when crossing Brahman or other zebu-based breeds (Bos indicus) with British breeds or European breeds (both of which are Bos taurus).
caninum in 56 positive Brahman and Brangus cows and their calves at birth and prospectively until one-year-old, through the indirect enzymeimmunoassay (ELISAi).
Abhidharma Buddhism claims that each dharma as a series of experiences is self-sufficient but impermanent hence antithetical to Brahman.
The nearest Brahman lowered its head and eyeballed Sarah.
I do not want any of this," Suddha Brahman says, shaking his head, smirking.
There are thousands of islands, communities and coastal resorts around the world where topography, proximity faults, remoteness, or lack of vertical evacuation alternatives make them extremely vulnerable to the devastation of tsunamis and floods," explained Miguel Serrano, CEO of Brahman.
Brahman is developing an innovative tsunami and flood shelter system that promises to revolutionize how governments and industries address these natural threats.
In addition to one supreme being, known as Brahman, Hindus honor many other deities--a few major, like Krishna, and thousands of lesser gods.
In addition to the supreme being, Brahman, and major deities like Krishna, Hindus honor thousands of lesser gods.