Brahman cattle

Brahman cattle,

breed of beef cattle developed in the S United States in the early 1900s by combining several breeds or strains of zebuzebu
, domestic animal of the cattle family, Bos indicus, found in parts of E Asia, India, and Africa. The zebu characteristically has a large fatty hump (sometimes two humps) over the withers. It is usually fawn, gray, black, or bay.
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 cattle of India. Brahman cattle have a very distinctive appearance with a hump over the shoulders, loose skin under the throat, and large drooping ears; they are generally light to medium gray in color. The breed has contributed to beef production through cross breeding with European cattle, e.g., Hereford and Angus. These hybrid cattle exhibit hybrid vigor, i.e., they generally exhibit growth and reproductive rates greater than either of the parental types. Several new breeds of cattle have been developed in the United States based on Brahman-European crosses, some important ones being the Beefmaster (Brahman combined with Shorthorn cattleShorthorn cattle,
breed of beef cattle developed from the native cattle of the Tees valley in NE England; formerly called Durham cattle. Systematic breeding of Shorthorns began in the latter part of the 18th cent.
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 and Hereford cattleHereford cattle
, breed of beef cattle originated in Herefordshire, England, and thought to be descended from the primitive cattle of the country. They are medium-to-large, deep-bodied, thick-fleshed animals with white faces and white markings.
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), Brangus (Brahman combined with Angus cattleAngus cattle
, breed of black polled (hornless) beef cattle, originated in Scotland and introduced in 1873 to the United States, where they have become well established.
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), Charbray (Brahman combined with Charolais cattleCharolais cattle
, breed of beef animal with a rugged, muscular appearance and solid creamy to wheat-colored coat. Originated in France, it was first imported to the United States in 1936 by way of Mexico.
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), and Santa Gertrudis (Brahman combined with Shorthorn). Brahman cattle have been extensively exported.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Finch (1985) showed that under high heat stress, resistance to heat transfer in Brahman cattle continued to fall as the skin temperature approached the body core temperature, whereas in Shorthorn cattle there was an abrupt increase in resistance as the temperature differential reached 2 AdegC.
He said the project, which had created employment opportunities for the community, currently boasted of 529 stud small stock, 28 white Brahman cattle and 473 commercial small stock.
Our values were also lower than the range of previously published [ME.sub.m] values (458 to 541 kJ/kg [BW.sup.0.75]) reported for growing calves, steers, and mature male Thai native and Brahman cattle [5, 6, 13, 14].
There is a rest house in the businessman's 'other property,' about 4 km up the mountain, which is still part of the 2,000-ha that also includes a ranch for his horses and 300 heads of Brahman cattle.
For instance purebred Brahman cattle calves had an average birthweight of 29.6kg as reported by Comerford et al., (1988).Although birth weight of calves depends upon several factors including sex, dam size, temperature and maternal nutrition, however different size of breeds may have contributed to the differences in calf birth weights.
Genetic characterization of Colombian Brahman cattle using microsatellites markers.
This bull was the only one that remained out of a small herd that was resident on a farm where my Dad was leasing grazing for our herd of Brahman cattle. Poachers had slaughtered the rest as well as the kudu and other small game.