While there is some sense in which the transmission of early Upanisads was in the context of ritual Vedic practices privy only to the Brahmana
class, this etymology is in itself indefensible.
This is because the Brahmanas
may become too powerful because of their knowledge.
64) For an in-depth study of such patriarchal elements, sec Uma Chakravarti, "Conceptualising Brahmanical Patriarchy in Early India: Gender, Caste, Class and State' in idem, Everyday Lives, Everyday Histories: Beyond the Kings and Brahmanas
of Ancient India' (New Delhi: Tulika, 2006), 138-55.
The topics include the Brahmanas
and the sacrificial systems, the Buddhistic movement and its influence on Brahmanism, the doctrine of devotion (bhakti) as developed in the puranas and tantras, and modern castes.
do not have to be cross-checked against the Bible, although one could do so if the desire arose.
For this reason the Brahmanas
extol the virtues of sons: Aitareya Brahmana
He compares Brahmanas
Vedic sacrifice in ancient India and the sacrifice of Christ in the Gospels of the Bible and asserts that both cases of symbolic sacrifice serve as devices to prevent actual violence in society, illustrating how vital mimetic sacrifice is to the shaping of human culture.
11a: ananudo vrsabho jagmir ahavam nistapta satrum pranasu sasahih/asi satya maya brahmanas
pate An unyielding bull, approaching the fight, (6) burning down the enemy, victorious in the battles --you are the true avenger of offenses, Brahmakias Pati
The race for the Sun Maiden is known only from the Brahmanas
Pursuing various literary figures (most notably, Uddalaka, Svetaketu, Satyakama, Yajnavalkya, Janaka, Ajatasatru) through passages and longer narratives in the Brahmanas
and Upanisads, Black's book follows the thematic program of his subtitle: chapter 1 is on teacher/student relationships, chapter 2 on inter-Brahmin debates, chapter 3 on the relationship of kings and Brahmins, and the final chapter on Brahmin men and women.
The cosmogonic account of the second part (chapters 9-26) is situated in an already created world, whose three main sites are Mount Meru (the seat of Brahma), Puskara (a place of austerity), and the Brahmaksetra, which changes from the Brahmanical and Vedic place it was in the Krtayuga to a place of fighting (between gods and daityas, brahmanas
and ksatriyas, order and imbalance) in the Tretayuga.
Interestingly, in the calendar of the Maga Brahmanas
preserved by Varahamihira (6th century), Indra corresponds to Tir in the Sasanian Zoroastrian calendar, who replaced Tistriia in the Avestan calendar.