Brahmo Samaj

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Brahmo Samaj

(brä`mō səmäj`) [Hindi,=society of God], Indian religious movement, founded in Kolkata (Calcutta) in 1828 by Rammohun RoyRoy, Rammohun
, 1772–1833, Indian religious and educational reformer. Sometimes called the father of modern India, Roy was born to a wealthy and devout Brahman family in Bengal.
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. It promoted a monotheistic, reformed Hinduism with strong Islamic and Christian overtones, support for the rights of women, and opposition to such aspects of Hinduism as idolatry and animal sacrifice. Under Roy the organization attained considerable importance in E India until his death in 1833. After a decade of decline, it was revived by Debendranath Tagore in 1843. A schism divided the organization in 1865, when Keshub Chunder Sen split with Tagore and formed the Adi Brahmo Samaj, and in 1878 Sen's group itself divided. Sen's followers formed a new church, the Nava-Vidhana, while the dissidents founded the Sadharan Brahmo Samaj, which became dominant. The Brahmo Samaj movement had great influence in the 19th cent., but although it still exists, it has had little impact on 20th-century Hinduism.


See P. K. Sen, Biography of a New Faith (2 vol., 1950–54); K. C. Sen, The Voice of Keshub (1963); P. V. Kanal, An Introduction to Dev-Samaj (1965).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Brahmo Samaj


(Bengali, “Society of Brahma”), a reformatory and instructional religious society founded in Bengal (India) in 1828 by Rammohan Roy. The society campaigned against the caste system, early marriages, and other foundations of Hinduism and feudalism, and favored the spread of European enlightenment throughout India and the encouragement of industrial and scientific progress. With the development of the bourgeois nationalist movement early in the 20th century, the movement ceased to play an important role in the social life of Bengal.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mahalanobis pursued his education at Brahmo Boys school in Calcutta after which he joined the Presidency College.
He is the founder of Brahmo Samaj (1828), one of the first Indian socio-religious reform movements.
He further said Prof Sahni had accepted the rational and reformist ideology of the Brahmo Samaj and become a strong supporter of a widow's remarriage and spoke against caste discrimination, child marriage, dowry system, and expensive wedding and funeral ceremonies.
The facile belief that all of it came from the Upanishads and worship of Brahmo needs to be probed, a task that I attempt below in a small way.
Later, while those from the Brahmo Samaj (5) referred to the new style of wearing the sari with blouse and chador as the "Thakurbarir sari" (sari worn in the style of the Tagores, a leading Brahmo family), as more and more Brahmos started wearing the sari in this manner, it came to be popularly known as the "Brahmika sari" throughout India.
The armed forces are now capable of launching the Brahmos, which has a strike range of around 290km and is described as the world's fastest supersonic cruise missile, from land, sea and air, completing the tactical cruise missile triad for the country.
EVEN though a controversy is raging over a newly unveiled Chinese missile that bears an uncanny resemblance to the mainstay Indian Brahmos supersonic cruise missile, a top scientist who co- developed the Indian system with Russia has said that the two are completely different and that Beijing is years from perfecting this technology.
Summary: Panaji: India yesterday successfully test fired the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from the ...
YENy DELHy (CyHAN)- The Indian Navy successfully tested on Wednesday a highly-maneuverable version of a sea-based Brahmos supersonic cruise missile, an Indian defense source told RIA Novosti.
Islamabad -- In a bid to enhance indigenous missile manufacturing capabilities, India on Sunday successfully test-fired the 290-km range Brahmos supersonic cruise missile from the integrated test range at Chandipur.