Brahmo Samaj

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Brahmo Samaj

(brä`mō səmäj`) [Hindi,=society of God], Indian religious movement, founded in Kolkata (Calcutta) in 1828 by Rammohun RoyRoy, Rammohun
, 1772–1833, Indian religious and educational reformer. Sometimes called the father of modern India, Roy was born to a wealthy and devout Brahman family in Bengal.
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. It promoted a monotheistic, reformed Hinduism with strong Islamic and Christian overtones, support for the rights of women, and opposition to such aspects of Hinduism as idolatry and animal sacrifice. Under Roy the organization attained considerable importance in E India until his death in 1833. After a decade of decline, it was revived by Debendranath Tagore in 1843. A schism divided the organization in 1865, when Keshub Chunder Sen split with Tagore and formed the Adi Brahmo Samaj, and in 1878 Sen's group itself divided. Sen's followers formed a new church, the Nava-Vidhana, while the dissidents founded the Sadharan Brahmo Samaj, which became dominant. The Brahmo Samaj movement had great influence in the 19th cent., but although it still exists, it has had little impact on 20th-century Hinduism.

Bibliography

See P. K. Sen, Biography of a New Faith (2 vol., 1950–54); K. C. Sen, The Voice of Keshub (1963); P. V. Kanal, An Introduction to Dev-Samaj (1965).

Brahmo Samaj

 

(Bengali, “Society of Brahma”), a reformatory and instructional religious society founded in Bengal (India) in 1828 by Rammohan Roy. The society campaigned against the caste system, early marriages, and other foundations of Hinduism and feudalism, and favored the spread of European enlightenment throughout India and the encouragement of industrial and scientific progress. With the development of the bourgeois nationalist movement early in the 20th century, the movement ceased to play an important role in the social life of Bengal.

References in periodicals archive ?
He asked the great-granddaughter Neera Burra as to whether Sahni's rationalist leanings, which took him into the Brahmo Samaj, were adopted also by the family and his descendants.
He further said Prof Sahni had accepted the rational and reformist ideology of the Brahmo Samaj and become a strong supporter of a widow's remarriage and spoke against caste discrimination, child marriage, dowry system, and expensive wedding and funeral ceremonies.
The facile belief that all of it came from the Upanishads and worship of Brahmo needs to be probed, a task that I attempt below in a small way.
Later, while those from the Brahmo Samaj (5) referred to the new style of wearing the sari with blouse and chador as the "Thakurbarir sari" (sari worn in the style of the Tagores, a leading Brahmo family), as more and more Brahmos started wearing the sari in this manner, it came to be popularly known as the "Brahmika sari" throughout India.
The museum offers details about the history of the Tagore family including its involvement with the Bengal Renaissance and the Brahmo Samaj.
Tenders are invited for Repair of brahmos fire control simulator
Meanwhile, the Indian pavilion at the air show will feature the Brahmos and a representative feature from the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
In 2006, the DRDO and a Russian venture jointly developed the BrahMos cruise missile a supersonic missile that combines Russian propulsion technology and new Indian guidance technology.
It was also a moment to showcase latest achievements of India in the defence sector including Brahmos Missile System, T-90 Tank (Bhishma), Weapon Locating Radar (Swathi) and Mobile Base Transceiver Station.
IANS New Delhi India on Wednesday successfully flight-tested the air variant of BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from a Sukhoi SU-30MKI fighter jet to hit a sea-based target in the Bay of Bengal, completing the country's tactical cruise missile triad.
Summary: Armed forces now capable of launching the Brahmos from land, sea and air, completing the tactical cruise missile triad