Brahui


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Brahui

(bräho͞o`ē), Dravidian language of Baluchistan. See Dravidian languagesDravidian languages
, family of about 23 languages that appears to be unrelated to any other known language family. The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 200 million people, living chiefly in S and central India and N Sri Lanka.
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Brahui

 

a people living mainly in western Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sind) and also as neighbors or intermingled with the Baluchi population in several areas of Iran and Afghanistan. Total population, about 600,000 (1967 estimate). The Brahui language has no writing system and is related to the Dravidian languages, although it does not display a close relationship to any language of southern India. The language is divided into a series of dialects. Their religion is Islam of the Sunnite sect. Their occupations are seminomadic and nomadic cattle raising and, to some extent, farming. A small group of Brahui living in the Turkmen SSR is gradually merging with the Baluchi.

REFERENCES

Census of India, 1911, vol. 1, parts 1–2. Calcutta, 1913.
Census of India, 1941, vol. 14. Delhi, 1941–43.
Bray, D. The Life History of a Brāhūi. London, 1913.
References in periodicals archive ?
While speaking in the inaugural session of the conference as chief Guest Nawabzada Haji Lashkari Khan Raisani said that United Nations especially UNESCO should take steps for the uplifting of the neglected indigenous languages of Pakistan including Brahui language.
Salahuddin Mengal, Chairman Brahui Academy Pakistan, Ahmed Bakhsh Lehri, Member Federal Public Service Commission, Prof.
A number of sessions were held during which the scholars and experts on Balochi and Brahui languages presented their papers.
The AIOU is only University in the country that provides learning facilities in regional languages, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Brahui and Saraiki at the same time.
2 The Brahuis are members of a tribal confederation, usually the Brahui Confederation, but other Balochi confederations occur as well.
Kalat region is dominated by Baloch Brahui speakers.
Leading linguists from all over the world declared Brahui an ancient language during a seminar called International Conference on Brahui Language and Culture, held at Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad.
36) Also, with distinct languages and dozens of sub-dialects, non-Pakhtun tribes of Baluchis, Ketranis, Nuristan, Brahui, Munjis, Chitralis, Shinas, Gujaris, Hazaras, Kowars, Savis, Tajiks, Hindkosh, Dameli, Kalamis, Urmurs, Wahkis, the Gawar-Batis, Badeshi, Khirgiz, and Burushos dwell in the Pakistan-Afghanistan border area.
Area: 803,940 sq km (499,545 sq miles) Surface area: Port andamp; Harbors: Capital: Islamabad Official language: Urdu Languages spoken: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun, Urdu, Balochi, English and many other local languages Religions: Islam (97%), Hinduism, Christianity and others (3%) Population: 177 million Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%Official languages: English and Urdu Population below poverty line: 43 million Literacy rate: Male: 63%; Female: 35.
Other languages include Gujarati, Memoni, Kutchi, Khowar, Thari, Persian/Dari, Luri and Brahui.
Languages: Urdu (national and official), English, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Baloch, Hindko, Brahui, Saraiki (Punjabi variant).
The statistics for percentage of people having major languages as their mother tongue is: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, Burushaski and other 8%.