Braille


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Related to Braille: Helen Keller, Louis Braille

Braille

(brāl), in astronomy, a small asteroidasteroid,
 planetoid,
or minor planet,
small body orbiting the sun. More than 300,000 asteroids have been identified and cataloged; more than a million are believed to exist in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter, with many more in the Kuiper belt
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 notable because it has the same atypical geologic composition as the larger asteroid VestaVesta
, in astronomy, the fourth asteroid to be discovered. It was found in 1807 by H. Olbers. It is the third largest asteroid in size, with a diameter of c.326 mi (525 km). Its average distance from the sun is 2.36 astronomical units, and the period of its orbit is 1,325 days.
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. In 1999 the space probe Deep Space 1 passed within 16 mi (26 km) of Braille's surface, the closest flyby ever of an asteroid. Braille measures only 1.3 mi (2.1 km) by 0.6 mi (1 km). Its orbit is highly elliptical; its periapsis, or closest point to the sun, being midway between earth and Mars, and its apoapsis, or furthest point from the sun, is more than three times further from the sun than the earth is. In addition, much of Braille's orbit is a considerable distance above or below the ecliptic, the plane in which the planets circle the sun. Because of its orbit and geologic composition, it has been suggested that Braille was torn from Vesta, which has a huge crater, as the result of Vesta's collision with another celestial body.

Braille

[brāl]
(communications)
A system of written communication for the blind in which letters are represented by raised dots over which the trained blind person moves the fingertips.

Braille

Louis . 1809--52, French inventor, musician, and teacher of the blind, who himself was blind from the age of three and who devised the Braille system of raised writing

braille

(human language)
/breyl/ (Often capitalised) A class of writing systems, intended for use by blind and low-vision users, which express glyphs as raised dots. Currently employed braille standards use eight dots per cell, where a cell is a glyph-space two dots across by four dots high; most glyphs use only the top six dots.

Braille was developed by Louis Braille (pronounced /looy bray/) in France in the 1820s. Braille systems for most languages can be fairly trivially converted to and from the usual script.

Braille has several totally coincidental parallels with digital computing: it is binary, it is based on groups of eight bits/dots and its development began in the 1820s, at the same time Charles Babbage proposed the Difference Engine.

Computers output Braille on braille displays and braille printers for hard copy.

British Royal National Institute for the Blind.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to successfully advocating Braille in her daughter's school, she bought used children's books, embossed Braille dots alongside the text and rebound them, teaching Anna to read through the stories of 'The Berenstain Bears' and 'Clifford the Big Red Dog'.
Audio-books and computer programmes mean fewer youngsters learn Braille and it is hoped the bricks could help reverse the trend.
The project supported the installation of high quality Braille printers in order to enhance the printing capacity and efficiency of Braille textbooks for visually impaired students.
Talking to reporter, he said 'Braille Book Corner' (Gosha-i-Noor) was the first-ever such facility in the federal capital launched in January, 2018 for visually impaired persons, marking the birthday celebrations week of Louis Braille-the inventor of Braille system for visually impaired persons.
Previously, the visually impaired struggled with the printed Braille books.
The Constitution of Kyrgyzstan was printed in Braille font with financial support of the OSCE Programme Office in Bishkek, ten copies in Kyrgyz and ten copies in Russian.
Braille enabled ThinkSkin bottles is a new age FMCG 2.0 approach by FCL and is carefully designed for easy access and recognition of the bottle for the visually impaired.
However, the aforementioned studies do not answer the following question: how long will the Braille possess properties sufficient for being perceived by people with visual impairment?
The Dot Braille Watch is an innovation that is an equivalent of a smart gear that displays SMS notifications in braille hence enabling a visually impaired person to read.
29 June 2018 - Canadian battery-manufacturing and energy storage company Braille Energy Systems Inc.
Muscat: Vision-impaired people in Oman can now translate as many books as they want from seven different languages to Braille Arabic.