Braille Print

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Braille Print

 

a raised-dot print for writing and reading by the blind, worked out by L. Braille.

A combination of six dots is the basis of Braille print. Braille used the order of letters in the Latin alphabet. The upper and middle dots of the six-dot figure represent the first letters of the alphabet. To represent subsequent letters, the lower left dot of the six-dot figure is added, then the left and right dots, then the right dot. The letters of the Russian alphabet can be represented by these same marks, with the addition of special symbols. Different combinations of the six-dot figure also make it possible to represent numbers, punctuation marks, and mathematical, chemical, and musical symbols.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The electronic encyclopedia and optical scanner allow students who cannot read the printed word access to current information via synthesized speech and translation of disk information to Braille print.
Braille Print reader Performance reader with low vision Totals Above grade level 11 4 15 At grade level 16 21 37 Below grade level 9 10 19 Totals 36 35 71
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Fictional Recorded prose, braille fictional Expository Grade Alias and print prose prose, braille 5 Adam NF 6/8 NF 6 Bill NF 5/8 NF 6 Belle 10/10 7/8 1/3 6 Bob 10/10 7/8 NF 7 Charles 16/16 7/7 6/6 7 Claudia NF NT 6/6 8 David 16/16 5/7 3/6 9 Eddy 4/6 4/8 NF 9 Ella NF 4/8 NF 10 Florence 4/6 NF NF 10 Francine NF 4/8 NF Graphic Graphic Expository and text, and text, Grade Alias prose, print braille print 5 Adam 2/6 NT NF 6 Bill 3/6 NT NF 6 Belle 3/6 NT 5/8 6 Bob 6/6 NT NF 7 Charles 8/8 NT 8/9 7 Claudia 8/8 NT 5/9 8 David NF NT 7/9 9 Eddy 8/9 NF 8/8 9 Ella 2/9 NF NF 10 Florence 1/9 NF 2/8 10 Francine NT NF NT Note: NF = not fulfilled according to the procedure, NT = not tested.
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Quality of items Braille printed on self-adhesive label depends on technological (physical and mechanical properties of the substrate and varnish) and operating conditions (temperature and pressure of varnish, substrate feed rate) factors that require detailed studies for getting quality tactile images.
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