On the subject of the Branchidae there are a few facts and some outstanding questions.
The origin of the shrine and of the Branchidae pre-dated the arrival of the Ionian Greeks (Halt.
In his account Herodotus provided an explanation for the last line of the oracle: `others at Didyma will care for our temple', that is `others' than the Milesians (to whom the oracle was addressed) or than the previous carers, the Branchidae.
In this situation the Milesians and the Branchidae had to commit themselves to one side or the other.
They say that Xerxes founded in this area (Bactria-Sogdiana) the city of the Branchidae, who set off willingly with him from their homeland, because they handed over the possessions and the treasures of the god at Didyma.
2) Strabo 634: `The oracle of Didymean Apollo at Branchidae .
3) Strabo 814: `Callisthenes says that oracles were given in words at Delphi and at Branchidae .
4) Diodorus 17 contents: `How the Branchidae, having been settled long ago by the Persians at the extremity of their kingdom,(7) were destroyed by Alexander as traitors of the Greeks.
The publication often quoted by Pater is A History of Discoveries at Halicarnassus, Cnidus, and Branchidae (1862), written by the "eminent" Sir Charles Newton, Keeper of the Greek and Roman antiquities at the British Museum.
94) Sir Charles Newton, A History of Discoveries at Halicarnassus, Cnidus, and Branchidae, 3 vols.
The author agrees with the reviewer about the pre-Alexander Greek settlements in Afghanistan as well as regarding the historicity of the massacre of the Branchidae
, "inspite of the stain it gives to Alexander's reputation" (p.