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brandy

[for brandywine, from Du.,=burnt, i.e., distilled, wine], strong alcoholic spirit distilled from wine or from marc, the residue of the wine press. The most noted brandy is cognac, made from white grapes in the Charente district of France. The label Cognac, fine champagne denotes the finest type of cognac, which comes from a small area around Cognac. Brandy is manufactured commercially in other districts of France, notably Armagnac, and in Spain, Portugal, Australia, Italy, South Africa, and the United States. Most fine brandies are distilled in pot stills constructed to retain the volatile ingredients. The product is blended and flavored, then stored in casks (preferably oak), where it mellows and takes on a yellow color; it acquires a deeper tint from long storage or the addition of caramel syrup. Brandy marketed in the United States must be matured in cask for at least four years. Brandy made from marc is very potent and is inferior to wine brandy. Liquor distilled from fermented beets, grains, or sugarcane is sometimes called brandy. The term, qualified by the name of a fruit, is applied to spirits distilled from the fermented juice of fruits other than the grape, e.g., peach brandy, cherry brandy, and plum brandy (slivovitz), which is extensively manufactured in the Balkans.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Brandy

 

(Russian, kon’iak), a strong alcoholic beverage distilled primarily from dry white grape wines and aged in oaken barrels or cisterns with oaken staves. During the aging process brandy, which has an alcoholic content of 65–70 percent by volume is enriched with tannins and acquires its characteristic taste, bouquet, and color. At the same time, oxidizing processes are influenced by oxygen from the air. Distilled water is used to lower the alcoholic content of brandy. The production of brandy is especially widespread in France, in Charente Department (administrative center, Cognac), where the fine French brandy known as cognac is made.

In the Soviet Union two basic kinds of brandies are made, depending on the length of aging: ordinary brandies (from three to five years old, with the age indicated by asterisks) and fine brandies. The latter include KV, or aged brandy (from six to seven years), KWK, or highest quality aged brandy (eight to ten years), and KC, or old brandy (aged more than ten years). High-quality brandies are made in Armenia, Georgia, Moldavia, Azerbaijan, the Ukraine, and the Northern Caucasus. Other countries producing brandy include Italy, Spain, and Greece.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

brandy

[′bran·dē]
(chemical engineering)
A potable alcoholic beverage distilled from wine or fermented fruit juice, usually after the aging of the wine in wooden casks; cognac is a brandy distilled from wines made from grapes from the Cognac region of France.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

brandy

1. an alcoholic drink consisting of spirit distilled from grape wine
2. a distillation of wines made from other fruits
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Brandys began to voice mild criticism of communist ideology in the novellas Obrona Grenady (1956; "Defense of Grenada") and Matka Krolow (1957; "Mother Krolow"; Sons and Comrades).
The great Polish writer Kazimierz Brandys, in a book which remains unpublished in Poland, has written:
JANES, R.D., BRANDYS, J.C., HOPKINS, D.A., JOHNSTONE, D.E., MURPHY, D.A.
There have been notable effects of sub-urbanization within the Prague metropolitan area explaining high intensity of CI in the Prague's hinterland regions such as Cernosice and Brandys nad Labem.
The final paragraph in Julian's article, though, must remain the significant one, with Frank Forester opining over several brandys and a cigar that "we broke even".
I know you'll be on the brandys, making everyone laugh, like you always have done.
After a temporary move to Brandys nad Labem (2003) the competition has since 2004 been based in Plzen, where Bedrich Smetana studied at the local Grammar School and where be created his earliest compositions.
Among the best known was the publication of a story, "Nim b-dzie zapomniany" (Before He Will Be Forgotten), by Kazimierz Brandys, in the 1950s the leading writer of socialist realism in Poland and thus virtually an official spokesman of the establishment.