Brannerite

brannerite

[′bran·ə‚rīt]
(mineralogy)
A complex, black, opaque titanite of uranium and other elements in which the weight of uranium exceeds the weight of titanium; monoclinic and possibly (U,Ca,Fe,Y,Th)3Ti5O6·

Brannerite

 

(named after the American geologist John Branner, 1850–1922), a mineral; a composite of uranium titanate, thorium, and rare earths of an approximate composition of UTi2O6 where U may be replaced by Th, rare earth elements, Ca, and Pb; and Ti by Fe; it frequently contains adsorbed water.

Brannerite is crystallized into a monoclinal (rhombic) system; the crystals are prismatic. A black mineral, after weathering it is covered with a brownish yellow film. Its sheen is glassy to resinous; the density is 4,020–5,880 kg/m3; and the hardness on the mineralogical scale is 4.5–6.5. Brannerite is very brittle. Usually it is formed in magmatic and pneumatolytic stages of the intrusion process as an accessory mineral of granites, in skarns, pegmatites, greisens, and rarely in quartz and quartz-carbonate formations. Brannerite is an ore for the extraction of uranium.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mineralogical work completed by the company indicated that a wide variety of rare-earth element-bearing minerals have been identified, including apatite, iimoriite, kainosite, gadolinite, allanite, bastnaesite, parisite, brannerite, thalenite, xenotime, fergusonite, synchysite (Y), and monazite.
Brannerite, a highly radioactive oxide, is common in some minor veins in the mining center at Bou Azzer, where it is associated with native gold.
The most common uranium mineral is pitchblende, with lesser concentrations of coffinite and brannerite.
Collecting crystals is a popular Swiss hobby, and many displays include minerals -- such as zircon, coffinite, carnotite, monazite, brannerite, titanite and pitchblende -- containing radon-emitting uranium or thorium.
No historical analyses for REE's have been reported, but petrographic work indicated the presence of important REE carrier minerals such as monazite and the heavy rare earth element (HREE) carrier mineral Brannerite.
Vinals had also two specimens of a Spanish classic: large (more than 10 cm) brannerite crystals from Sierra Albarrana.
The mineralization on this property consists of pitchblende, uraninite and brannerite with minor chalcopyrite, pyrite and pyrrhotite as well as native Selenium.
In reports written by Archer, Cathro and Associates (1981) Limited the main exploration targets are two zones near the base of a talus slope that have yielded numerous angular float specimens containing native gold, pitchblende and brannerite in quartz/barite with assays ranging from less than one oz/ton gold to 2,078.