Brants


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Brants

 

(Branta) a genus of birds of the order Anseriformes. The head is small, the bill short and black, and the feet black. Brants resemble other geese in general build and way of life. There are five species, four of which inhabit the USSR. The black brant (B. bernicld) weighs approximately 2 kg; it nests in the tundra and forest tundra of Siberia, from Iamal to Chukotka, on many islands of the arctic region, and in North America from Alaska to Greenland.

The barnacle goose (B. leucopsis) nests on the southern island of Novaia Zemlia, on the Lofoten Islands, Spitsbergen, and in the eastern part of Greenland. The Canada goose (B. canadensis) weighs from 1.5 to 8 kg (various subspecies); it inhabits northern and northwestern America, and on rare occasions flies into Anadyr’. The red-breasted goose (B. rufficollis) is sometimes classified in the genus Rufibrenta. It is distributed from the lower reaches of the Ob’ River to the Khatanga. Its numbers are small and rapidly decreasing. The Hawaiian brant (B. sandvicensis) was common in the Hawaiian Islands; it has been almost exterminated (about 50 birds have been preserved). Brants, except for the Hawaiian and the red-breasted goose, are game birds.

The Russian word kazarka is also applied to two species of geese of the genus Anser: the white-fronted goose (A. albi-frons) and the lesser white-fronted goose (A. erythropus).

REFERENCE

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 4. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A.Gladkov. Moscow, 1952.

E. V. KOZLOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
As patriot forces began moving into the Mohawk Valley in the spring of 1775, Guy Johnson and more than 120 Tory loyalists escaped to British-held Montreal along with Brant and most of the Indian warriors from Canajoharie.
The influential English voices heard by Brant spoke of war.
Satisfied with his deal, Brant returned to North America at Staten Island and entered the war during the Battle of Long Island.
The Oneida and Tuscarora, thinking Brant and the Mohawk to be over-valued, sided with the patriots.
In August of 1777 at Oriskany in the Mohawk Valley, Brant and Sir John Johnson, now head of his own King's Royal Regiment of New York, were sent on a mission to intercept the Tryon County militia moving west with Oneida warriors to break a British siege of Fort Stanwix.
It was a pyrrhic victory for Brant and the loyalists.
Not so two months later in November 1788, when Brant grudgingly joined the son of Lt.
Brant continued his raids and prevailed whenever he encountered opposition and he always called for the sparing of women and children.
Brant, perhaps rightly, felt raids on the larger American force would be more effective in slowing Sullivan down than a direct assault; all told, more than 40 Onondaga, Seneca and Mohawk villages were destroyed in the American general's wake.
The next year Brant wreaked his vengeance and with a refreshed force he descended from Canada and wiped out every white settlement from Schenectady to Ohio.
Brant was a relatively young and able man at the end of the war (his only wound had been to his heel).