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Bratianu (brətĭäˈno͞o) or Bratiano (–nô), Romanian family. Ion Bratianu, 1821–91, was prominent in the Revolution of 1848 and helped to secure (1866) the election of Prince Carol of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (Carol I of Romania) to the throne. Bratianu headed (1876–88, except for Apr.–June, 1881) a ministry that declared (1878) the full independence of Romania from the Ottoman Empire, which was secured in the Treaty of San Stefano. His son, Ion Bratianu, 1864–1927, succeeded him as leader of the Liberals and was premier (1909–11, 1914–18). He resigned early in 1918 rather than accept the humiliating peace terms offered by the Central Powers but regained his position in Dec., 1918, and represented Romania at the Paris Peace Conference (1919). In 1920 he resigned in protest against the minority clauses of the Treaty of Trianon with Hungary and the division of the Banat with Yugoslavia. From 1922 until his death (except for an interlude in 1926–27) Bratianu was premier, ruling Romania as a virtual dictator; he prevented the accession of Carol II in 1927. He was succeeded briefly as premier by his brother, Vintila Bratianu. Constantin Bratianu, also called Dinu Bratianu, 1889–1950?, another member of the family, led the National Liberal party from 1934 and opposed both the dictatorship of Ion Antonescu and the Communist regime. He was reported to have died in prison.
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(Brătianu). Rumanian political figures from one family.

Ion Bratianu. Born June 2, 1821, in Pitesti; died May 16, 1891, in Florica. The most well-known of the Bratianu family; son of a Wallachian landowner.

Bratianu participated in the Revolution of 1848 in Wallachia and then immigrated to France. Upon returning to his native land, he joined the movement for the unification of the Danubian principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia. He participated in a plot that led to the overthrow of Prince A. Cuza. Bratianu was a cofounder of the National Liberal Party in 1875 and chairman of the Rumanian Council of Ministers from 1876 to 1888 (except for some time in 1881). On Apr. 4, 1877, the Bratianu government concluded the Russian-Rumanian agreement of 1877, and on May 9, 1877, it proclaimed the independence of the Rumanian state from Turkey. In 1883 the Bratianu government announced that Rumania was joining the Triple Alliance of 1882.

Ion Bratianu. Born Aug. 20, 1864, in Florica; died Nov. 24, 1927, in Bucharest. Son of the above Ion Bratianu.

Bratianu was minister of public works (1897-99), foreign affairs (1901-04), and domestic affairs (1907-09). With General Averescu, he led the suppression of the peasant uprising of 1907 in Rumania. In 1909 he took over the leadership of the National Liberal Party. He was chairman of the Council of Ministers in 1908-10, 1914-19 (with an interruption in 1918), 1922-26, and 1927. On Aug. 4 (17), 1916, he signed an agreement on Rumania’s entry into the war on the side of the Entente. In 1918, Bratianu was one of the organizers of the seizure of Soviet Bessarabia, and in 1919, of the intervention against the Hungarian Soviet Republic. In 1924 the Bratianu government outlawed the Rumanian Communist Party and inflicted severe reprisals on the participants in the Tatarbunar uprising of 1924.

Constantin Bratianu. (also Dinu Bratianu). Born Jan. 13, 1866, in Florica; died 1950. Brother of the above.

In 1934, Bratianu became chairman of the National Liberal Party, which was in power from 1933 to 1937. He promoted the establishment of fascism in the country and Rumania’s participation in the war against the USSR on the side of fascist Germany. After the popular armed uprising of Aug. 23, 1944, he was minister without portfolio in the Sănătescu and Rădescu governments. In 1946 he left the political arena.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.