Walther von Brauchitsch

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Brauchitsch, Walther von


Born Oct. 4, 1881, in Berlin; died Oct. 18, 1948, in Hamburg. General and field marshal in the fascist German Army (1940). Born into the family of a military officer.

Brauchitsch served in the army from 1900. He took part in World War I in staff positions and afterward served in the Reichswehr. In 1932 he became inspector general of artillery, from 1933 he commanded the First Military District, and in 1935 he became commander of the I Army Corps. From 1937 he commanded the 4th Army Group. On Feb. 4, 1938, after the dismissal of General W. von Fritsch, Brauchitsch was appointed commander in chief of ground forces. He participated in the development and realization of war plans in the West and against the USSR. After the failure of the offensive against Moscow, he was discharged on Dec. 19, 1941, and placed in the reserves. In 1945 he surrendered and was taken prisoner by British forces. He died in a hospital for prisoners of war.

References in periodicals archive ?
On 18 April 1940, 1st Company, Smoke Training and Experiment Battalion, provided a live-fire demonstration of the new smoke projector to General Heinrich Alfred Hermann Walther von Brauchitsch (commander in chief of the Germany army) and Colonel Hermann Ochsner (General of the Smoke Troops) at the Munster Training Area, Germany.
The last man to steer a Mercedes over the line as a winner was Manfred Von Brauchitsch on August 8, 1937, a triumph that completed a hat-trick of victories for the Germans in the principality.
226) Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch (1881-1948), Commander in Chief of the Army (1938-41), attended troop exercises conducted by the Ninth Army (General Blaskowitz) and the Sixteenth Army in the fall of 1940.
Halder asked Brauchitsch to present the problem to Hitler.
Walter von Brauchitsch, who said, "the army must not be surpassed by anyone in the purity and conviction of its National Socialist Weltanschauung.
Donovan, with an eye towards the coming Cold War, encouraged Generals Manstein, Brauchitsch, Halder, Warlimont and Westphal to prepare a memorandum, "The German Army from 1920 to 1945," as a defence and counter to the Allies' intention of charging the general staff with war crimes.
Manfred von Brauchitsch finished second and set a record fastest race-lap in the Yugoslavian (Belgrad) Grand Prix in this exact race car.
So large were the flaws in the original Case Yellow plan that its very submission to Adolf Hitler can be interpreted as a form of insubordination, insofar as Generals Walther von Brauchitsch, commander in chief of the army, and his chief of staff, General Franz Halder, saw nothing but gathering catastrophe in an all-out assault on France before 1942.
Among the cars displayed will be the 1976 McLaren M23 driven by world champion James Hunt, the 1964 Ferrari 1512 and 1966 Ferrari 312 driven by Lorenzo Bandini, the 1937 Mercedes W125 driven by Manfred von Brauchitsch and the and 1937 Auto Union driven by Hans Stuck.
At the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, a heated confrontation between General Halder and Field Marshal von Brauchitsch on the one side and Hitler, feebly supported by his yes men Keitel and Jodl on the other, ended with Hitler hysterically screaming: 'I order that all advance panzer formations are brought back to the Kanallinie.