João Pessoa

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João Pessoa

(zhwouN pəsô`ə), city (1991 pop. 497,600), capital of Paraíba state, NE Brazil, at the confluence of the Sanhauá and Paraíba do Norte rivers. Cotton, sugar, and minerals are exported through its port, Cabedelo. Industries in the city produce chemicals, plastics, metals, and electrical goods. The city was established in the late 16th cent. and named (1585) Filipea, in honor of Philip II of Spain and Portugal. During the brief Dutch occupation (17th cent.) it was called Frederickstadt, and, after its reconquest by the Portuguese, Paraíba. Its present name was acquired in 1930, in honor of the state governor who was assassinated in Recife during the VargasVargas, Getúlio Dornelles
, 1883–1954, Brazilian statesman, twice president (1930–45, 1951–54). The popular governor of Rio Grande do Sul (1928–30), he ran for the presidency in 1930, was defeated, charged fraud, and led a successful revolt.
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 revolution. João Pessoa is the site of a state university. The city's Franciscan convent and church are excellent examples of colonial architecture. Nearby are several resort areas.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Joāo Pessoa


a city in northeastern Brazil, on the right bank of the Paraiba River; administrative center of the state of Paraiba. Population, 221,500 (1970). It has a railroad station and is a highway junction. Joao Pessoa, a trade center, is industrialized and has textile and food industries, as well as a large cement plant. The city was founded in 1585.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.