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Brazos(brăz`əs), river, 870 mi (1,410 km) long (1,210 mi/1,947 km long with its main tributary), rising in E N.Mex. From its source it flows SE across Texas to enter the Gulf of Mexico at Freeport. The Brazos flows through a fertile farming area of N Texas, where cotton is produced in the irrigated river's valley. The Brazos supplies water to nearby cities; several dams provide flood control and hydroelectric power. The river is navigable upstream.
a river in the southern USA, in the state of Texas. Length, 1,530 km; basin area, 114,220 sq km. It is formed from the confluence of the Salt Fork and Double Mountain Fork rivers, and it flows into the Gulf of Mexico. High water is in the spring; there are freshets in the summer. The average water discharge at its mouth is 214 cu m per sec; the maximum discharge, up to 3,300 cu m per sec. The Brazos is navigable up to 64 km from its mouth and has deep water along 400–500 km of its course. The city of Waco is located on the Brazos; Freeport is at its mouth.