Common Wheat

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Related to Bread wheat: whole wheat bread, Triticum aestivum
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Common Wheat

 

(Triticum aestivum), a species of wheat with a tough, awned or awnless, loose, elongated spike and a naked grain of varied coloring (white, yellow, red). Common wheat is hexaploid (contains 42 chromosomes in its somatic cells) and very flexible. The most common species of wheat, it is cultivated in all agricultural regions of the world. It is a winter-hardy, drought-resistant, and early-ripening plant. There are more than 250 known varieties; the most widespread varieties are Lutescens, Erythrospermum, Milturum, Albidum, Ferrugineum, and Graecum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Study of variability of bread wheat lines based on drought resistance indices.
Gallee et al., "Improving the baking quality of bread wheat by genomic selection in early generations," Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol.
Two Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum, local names: Dariyel and Karatopak) and two Durum wheat (Triticum durum, local names: BurgosBurgos and Zenit) varieties were used in this study.
Tests show that flour made from Soft Svevo is similar to that of soft bread wheats. It also outscored traditional durum flour on processing and handling evaluations, thanks to its smaller particle size, improved water uptake, and lower levels of damaged and broken starch granules.
Therefore, from this investigation, it is concluded that improvement of grain yield in bread wheat could be achieved by selecting the parents with these three characters; Grain yield per plant + Biological yield per plant + Number of grains per main spike.
(2012) clustered 96 bread wheat lines on the basis of agronomic traits.
Main objective of this study is to check effect of Si in minimizing Cd uptake and accumulation in bread wheat.
The seeds of 14 durum advanced breeding lines along with three check cultivars including: a new released durum wheat variety (Saji), a commercial variety of durum wheat(Zardak) and one variety of bread wheat (Sardari), were obtained from Dryland Agricultural Research Sub-Institute (Sararood station), Kermanshah, Iran.
Their approach was pioneered previously in barley, a simpler model crop for research in bread wheat.
“With the draft gene sequence for each of the bread wheat chromosome and the first reference sequence of chromosome 3B, we have reached a great milestone in our roadmap,” said Catherine Feuillet, IWGSC co-chair.
The findings push back the dates of the two crops' first appearance in Central Asia, suggesting that the herders transported bread wheat from west to east and broomcorn millet from east to west.
In addition, cotton yarn, raw cotton and bread wheat were sold.