breast implant

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breast implant,

saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomymastectomy
, surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancer. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken.
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 as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts. An implant consists of a fluid-filled, malleable pouch that is designed to mimic to the look and feel of natural breast tissue when inserted into a pocket created under the skin in a procedure called a mammoplasty.

After reports that leakage from silicone-filled implants might be causing autoimmune diseases (e.g., lupuslupus
, noninfectious chronic disease in which antibodies in an individual's immune system attack the body's own substances. In lupus, known medically as lupus erythematosus, antibodies are produced against the individual's own cells, causing tissue inflammation and cell damage.
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, arthritisarthritis,
painful inflammation of a joint or joints of the body, usually producing heat and redness. There are many kinds of arthritis. In its various forms, arthritis disables more people than any other chronic disorder.
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, scleroderma) in some women, the Food and Drug Administration in 1992 called for a moratorium on their use outside clinical trials. The ensuing scare resulted in the largest product liability settlement in U.S. history and the Chapter-11 bankruptcy of Dow Corning Corporation, one of the makers of the implants. Despite legal settlements in the billions of dollars, the claims against silicone-filled implants remain anecdotal; numerous scientific studies have found no link or only a weak equivocal link between the implants and disease. The use of silicone-filled implants was again approved by the FDA for reconstructive surgery in 1998 and for cosmetic surgery in 2006.

In 2010 silicone-filled implants manufactured by the French company Poly Implant Protheses (PIP) were banned after it was discovered that the firm had used industrial-grade, instead of medical-grade, silicone gel. Industrial-grade silicone has more contaminants, and French authorities advised (2011) that French women have the implants removed because they were believed to have a higher than normal incidence of rupture. Some countries adopted similar recommendations, while others did not; the implants had not been licensed for use in the United States. A 2012 British report on the PIP implants found that the gel used in them did not constitute a long-term health threat.

Bibliography

See M. Angell, Science on Trial (1996).

References in periodicals archive ?
Three months ago a breast implant was placed in a Finnish woman in her 30s.
The report is not intended to provide a comprehensive clinical update about the safety of saline-filled breast implants.
Bulgarian breast implants have pretty much saved a Russian woman's life after she was attacked with a knife by her husband.
Breast reconstruction with breast implants has several advantages, including a shorter surgery and quicker recuperation than autologous breast reconstruction.
Just as a post-script, it turned out that all along, she had breast implants. Foreign material in her body that the body is fighting but unable to reject!
An FDA warning on its website read, "Although ALCL is extremely rare, the FDA believes that women with breast implants may have a very small but increased risk of developing this disease in the scar capsule adjacent to the implant." It also said that ALCL is a rare cancer of the immune system, which can occur anywhere in the body though ALCL in the breast is even rarer with approximately 3 in 100 million women per year in the US diagnosed with it.
The class action suit was made on behalf of over 25,000 women who received silicone gel breast implants between 1962 and 1992.
"I have definitely seen an increase in the removal of breast implants. If a woman decides to have her breast implants removed then she should consider having an en bloc capsulectomy to also remove the capsule surrounding these implants to be assured that almost all of the silicone is removed," said Dr.
The Asian Breast Implants market size is estimated to be valued at US$ 140.93 Mn in 2017 and is expected to witness a robust CAGR of 7.0% during the forecast period (2018 - 2026).
BIOCELL[R] saline-filled and silicone-filled textured breast implants and tissue expanders will no longer be distributed or sold in any market where they are currently available.
"The textured breast implants from Allergan have been completely withdrawn after the notification.
Pharmaceutical company (https://www.allergan.com/News/News/Thomson-Reuters/Allergan-Voluntarily-Recalls-BIOCELL-Textured-Brea) Allergan ((https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/AGN?p=AGN&.tsrc=fin-srch) AGN ) has issued a worldwide recall of its Biocell textured breast implants and tissue expanders because they could cause a rare form of cancer.