Breast Stroke

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Breast Stroke


a method of sports swimming on the breast, characterized by simultaneous symmetrical movements of the extremities in a horizontal plane.

In executing the breast stroke the swimmer lies in the water horizontally, swings his arms to the sides with his palms turned outward, bends them at the elbows and brings them together in front of his face.

At the same time, the swimmer pulls up his legs while rotating his feet to the sides. Then he stretches his arms forward. The inner surface of the knees and feet push against the water and the legs impel the swimmer’s body forward by their circular motion and are then brought together. The swimmer moves forward and then begins a new cycle of movements. The breast stroke is also used as a corrective exercise in cases of curvature of the spine. There is a variation of the breast stroke—a more rapid method known as the butterfly.

The program of the Olympic Games includes two distances of the breast stroke—100 and 200 m. The breast stroke is also one of the stages of the 4 × 100-meter relay and part of the medley competition. As of Jan. 1, 1968, the established world records in the men’s breast stroke were 1 min, 6.7 sec, V. Kosinskii (USSR), in the 100-meter race and 2 min, 27.8 sec, I. O’Brien (Australia), in the 200-meter race. World records in the women’s breast stroke are 1 min, 14.6 sec, C. Ball (USA), in the 100-meter race and 2 min, 39.5 sec, C. Ball, in the 200-meter race.

Great contributions to the development of the breast stroke have been made by the Soviet swimmers A. Mareev, Honored Master of Sport L. Meshkov, European Champion (1966) and Honored Master of Sport G. Prokopenko, Olympic Champion (1964, Tokyo), European Champion (1966), and Honored Master of Sport G. Prozumenshchikova, world record holder (1969) and Master of Sport N. Pankin, and others.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
100M BREAST STROKE Age 11/12: Alexander Grantham 1.37.79; Archie Forrester 1.39.02; Joshua Elliott 1.45.99; Mark Sugden (DNC).
Aside the Almoguis sisters, the Holiday Gym Swim Club swimmers from Davao made their presence felt with wins through Matthieu Adrien Tao in the boys 14-15 200-meter backstroke (2:23.62), Risa Angelian Sahagun in the girls 11-13- 50-meter breast stroke (37.72) and Ivo Nikolai Enot in the boys 11-13 200-meter backstroke (2:27.78).
His younger brother Mohammad Amaan Munawar won 4 silver medals in 200, 100 and 50 meters breast stroke and 50 meter free style in under 14 age group category.
It certainly brought a new meaning to the breast stroke. But I don't want to milk this story any more.
Alex Grantham came second in breast stroke, Cameron Price second in front crawl.
Mum Jacqui and dad Michael, a former footballer with Alloa and Stenhousemuir, hugged friends and family in the crowd after their son's sensational silver swim in the 200metres breast stroke. And Michael said: "I'm just delighted for everyone.
HELLO * BUOYS Former Miss World GOING * SWIMMINGLY Rosanna perfects her breast stroke yesterday in Sealife Aquarium, Bray, Co Wicklow RAY * OFLIGHT Model gets to grip with Stingrays
As Alfie is a crawl swimmer, he coaxed me into ditching my trusty breast stroke in favour of the racer's stroke of choice, and although my first few sessions involved much sputtering and flailing, I eventually got the hang of it.
But sadly, despite his thrusting breast stroke, Mr Everett gave up halfway across the famous Hellespont straits.
Hannah Sharp, 13, took gold medals in 100m and 200m breast stroke, 100m back stroke and 100m butterfly, a bronze medal in 200m butterfly and a fourth-place medal in the 200m backstroke.
In the Canada Cup 200 metres breast stroke in Torondo last month, while competing for her club, she was disqualified for ducking her head under the water going into a turn.
Adrian Moorhouse at the 1988 Seoul Games (100m breast stroke)