breast implant

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breast implant,

saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomymastectomy
, surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancer. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken.
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 as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts. An implant consists of a fluid-filled, malleable pouch that is designed to mimic to the look and feel of natural breast tissue when inserted into a pocket created under the skin in a procedure called a mammoplasty.

After reports that leakage from silicone-filled implants might be causing autoimmune diseases (e.g., lupuslupus
, noninfectious chronic disease in which antibodies in an individual's immune system attack the body's own substances. In lupus, known medically as lupus erythematosus, antibodies are produced against the individual's own cells, causing tissue inflammation and cell damage.
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, arthritisarthritis,
painful inflammation of a joint or joints of the body, usually producing heat and redness. There are many kinds of arthritis. In its various forms, arthritis disables more people than any other chronic disorder.
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, scleroderma) in some women, the Food and Drug Administration in 1992 called for a moratorium on their use outside clinical trials. The ensuing scare resulted in the largest product liability settlement in U.S. history and the Chapter-11 bankruptcy of Dow Corning Corporation, one of the makers of the implants. Despite legal settlements in the billions of dollars, the claims against silicone-filled implants remain anecdotal; numerous scientific studies have found no link or only a weak equivocal link between the implants and disease. The use of silicone-filled implants was again approved by the FDA for reconstructive surgery in 1998 and for cosmetic surgery in 2006.

In 2010 silicone-filled implants manufactured by the French company Poly Implant Protheses (PIP) were banned after it was discovered that the firm had used industrial-grade, instead of medical-grade, silicone gel. Industrial-grade silicone has more contaminants, and French authorities advised (2011) that French women have the implants removed because they were believed to have a higher than normal incidence of rupture. Some countries adopted similar recommendations, while others did not; the implants had not been licensed for use in the United States. A 2012 British report on the PIP implants found that the gel used in them did not constitute a long-term health threat.

Bibliography

See M. Angell, Science on Trial (1996).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Natrelle([R]) Pre-Consultation Kit reflects the Allergan position that providing breast augmentation candidates excellent information is the key to a successful life-long brand relationship.
To learn more about Murphy Plastic Surgery and the clinic's breast augmentation treatment services, please contact their offices directly or visit their clinic website directly at www.
Breast Implant size is not the only thing women need to consider when selecting a plastic surgeon to provide natural looking breast augmentation surgery.
To learn more on the benefits of undergoing breast augmentation surgery with the team at Murphy Plastic Surgery, please contact their offices directly or visit their office website at www.
Given its ease of use and lack of any potential for creating any adverse problems, its use as part of a breast augmentation recovery protocol appears to have offer patients some real benefits.
only physicians, which enables visitors to locate a surgeon in their area; an interactive, personalized patient portfolio tool with 3-D imaging that enables patients to envision themselves with implants based on their specific body measurements; educational information on Mentor's MemoryGel[TM] silicone implants; and blogs and testimonials from patients who have had breast augmentation or reconstruction.
To learn more about the breast augmentation treatment offered through Murphy Plastic Surgery, please contact their offices directly today or visit www.
The breast augmentation with lift offered at Murphy Plastic Surgery is one of the most common cosmetic breast surgeries carried out across the country.
Murphy Plastic Surgery is the ideal resource for those who would like to know more about their breast augmentation options.
With summertime approaching, many patients who have been contemplating breast augmentation surgery are now weighing the pros and cons of their breast implant options.
com)-- The company is now offering upper lip hair removal or one underarm hair removal procedure for free to those who undergo a breast augmentation procedure at their Murphy Plastic Surgery clinic.
NYSE:AGN) today announced that the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Allergan's INAMED([R]) Silicone-Filled Breast Implants for use in breast augmentation, reconstruction and revision surgery.

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