mammography

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mammography,

diagnostic procedure that uses low-dose X rays to detect abnormalities in the breasts. Tomosynthesis, also known as 3D mammography, is form of mammography that combines X-ray images taken at multiple angles to produce a single three-dimensional image. The early diagnosis of breast cancerbreast cancer,
cancer that originates in the breast. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women (following lung cancer). Although the vast majority of the cases occur in women, some men also get breast cancer.
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 made possible by the routine use of mammography for screening women increases a woman's treatment alternatives and improves her chances of surviving the cancer. Mammograms can detect tumors too small to be noticed on physical examination. The recommended timing for a baseline first mammogram and subsequent mammograms varies depending on a woman's risk for breast cancer, but several medical advisory groups recommend beginning at age 40 or 45 for a woman with an average risk for breast cancer.

mammography

[ma′mäg·rə·fē]
(medicine)
Radiographic examination of the breast, performed with or without injection of the glandular ducts with a contrast medium.
References in periodicals archive ?
This project is the second stage of the PROCAS (Predicting Risk of Cancer at Screening) study, which aims to improve breast cancer risk prediction among women who are attending routine breast screening.
The FSB operates on behalf of all of the five regional screening organizations responsible for nationwide breast screening in the Netherlands.
It is important that women have access to the information they need in order to make an informed choice about whether or not to attend breast screening.
Under the NHS Breast Screening Programme, women usually receive their first invitation for breast cancer screening between the ages of 50 and 53.
Information on breast screening is on the NHS Screening Programme website http:// www.
Women who are aged over 70 will not automatically be invited for breast screening but can request an appointment by telephoning Breast Test Wales on 029 2039 7222.
Sally Greenbrook, senior policy officer for the charity Break-Breakthrough Breast Cancer, warned: "The fall-off in uptake in the over-70s has been attributed in part to women incorrectly assuming that they are no longer at risk of developing breast cancer after routine NHS breast screening invitations cease.
It's needed to cope with the rising demand for breast screening services.
She also added that during 16 years of AAWC's activity 175 000 visitors have passed breast screening.
Uptake of routine breast screening invitations in the region was 76.
A spokesperson for Cancer Research UK, Sara Hiom said: "There is a harm associated with breast screening which is known as overdiagnosis.
A TEESSIDE breast surgeon is urging women: "Don't be put off going for routine breast screening appointments - they could save your life.