mammography

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mammography,

diagnostic procedure that uses low-dose X rays to detect abnormalities in the breasts. Tomosynthesis, also known as 3D mammography, is form of mammography that combines X-ray images taken at multiple angles to produce a single three-dimensional image. The early diagnosis of breast cancerbreast cancer,
cancer that originates in the breast. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women (following lung cancer). Although the vast majority of the cases occur in women, some men also get breast cancer.
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 made possible by the routine use of mammography for screening women increases a woman's treatment alternatives and improves her chances of surviving the cancer. Mammograms can detect tumors too small to be noticed on physical examination. The recommended timing for a baseline first mammogram and subsequent mammograms varies depending on a woman's risk for breast cancer, but several medical advisory groups recommend beginning at age 40 or 45 for a woman with an average risk for breast cancer.

mammography

[ma′mäg·rə·fē]
(medicine)
Radiographic examination of the breast, performed with or without injection of the glandular ducts with a contrast medium.
References in periodicals archive ?
ALL women in the UK aged 50-70 are invited to have a mammogram, or breast X-ray, every three years.
The National Breast Screening Programme invites all women between 50 and 65 to have a breast X-ray every three years - women over 65 can have them too but won't be routinely invited.
In a recent study, researchers found test subjects were able to detect abnormalities better when viewing a computer-simulated breast X-ray presented in a three-dimensional, or stereo, format than they were when viewing two ordinary two-dimensional images side by side.
The good news is mammography is a safe, low-dose breast X-ray technique that can detect cancer when it's most curable.
The complexity of breast x-ray images makes it difficult to discern abnormal features because of over- and underlying normal tissue.