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Breda(brādä`), city (1994 pop. 129,125), North Brabant prov., S Netherlands, at the confluence of the Mark and Aa rivers. It is an industrial and transportation center. Manufactures include machinery, textiles, and canned foods. Breda was founded by the 11th cent. The city was successfully besieged (1624–25) by the Spaniards under Ambrogio SpinolaSpinola, Ambrogio
, 1569–1630, Spanish general, b. Italy, of a noble Genoese family. In 1602, Spinola entered Spanish service in the Netherlands. He took (1604) Ostend from Maurice of Nassau after a long siege and then carried the war into the northern provinces.
..... Click the link for more information. ; the surrender of its heroic garrison is the subject of a famous painting by VelázquezVelázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
, 1599–1660, b. Seville. He was the most celebrated painter of the Spanish school. Early Life and Work
..... Click the link for more information. . Points of interest in the city include a 13th-century Gothic church (Groote Kerk) and a castle (now a military academy).
a city in the S Netherlands, in North Brabant province: residence of Charles II of England during his exile. Pop.: 164 000 (2003 est.)