Gueux(redirected from Breda, Compromise of)
Geuzen, in the period of the bourgeois revolution of the 16th century in the Netherlands:
(1) The nickname of the members of the opposition league of nobles formed in 1565 for the purpose of defending “by lawful means” the country’s freedom against the attacks of Spanish absolutism.
(2) The partisans in the Netherlands who waged a struggle against the Spaniards and their supporters on land (wood- gueux) and at sea (sea-gueux). The capture by the sea-gueux of Brielle on Apr. 1, 1572, was the signal for a general uprising in the northern Netherlands.