Bret Harte


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Harte, Bret

(Francis Brett Harte) (härt), 1836–1902, American writer of short stories and humorous verse, b. Albany, N.Y. At 19 he went to California, where he tried his hand at teaching, clerking, and mining. In 1868 he helped establish the Overland Monthly, where his short stories and verse first appeared. He gained enormous success with the publication of "The Luck of Roaring Camp," the first of his picturesque stories of Western local color, and with such later stories as "The Outcasts of Poker Flat" and "Brown of Calaveras." Although Harte did not develop character and motivation, he had an observant eye and a brisk reportorial style. He was U.S. consul in Germany and Scotland from 1878 to 1885. The remainder of his life was spent near London.

Bibliography

See his letters, ed. by G. B. Harte (1926); biographies by R. O'Connor (1966) and A. Nissen (2000); M. Duckett, Mark Twain and Bret Harte (1964).

Harte, Bret (b. Francis Brett Harte)

(1836–1902) writer, consular official; born in Albany, N.Y. Moving to California at age 18, he worked at various jobs before becoming a journalist. He became an official of the U.S. Mint in San Francisco (1863–70) but worked at his own writing and coedited the Overland Monthly (1868–70), for which he commissioned some articles by Mark Twain. Harte's stories and poems on western themes helped launch the "local color" movement and he achieved a meteoric national celebrity with his collection of stories, The Luck of Roaring Camp and Other Sketches (1870). He moved to the East to be part of the literary world, but his reputation soon faded and he became U.S. consul in Germany (1878–80) and at Glasgow (1880–85). Settling in London for the rest of his life, he continued to write short stories and he hobnobbed with the literati, but he never again knew the success of his San Francisco days.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bret Harte arrived in Crefeld on July 18, 1878, and began his briefing.
20) Bret Harte, Bret Harte's California: Letters to the "Springfield Republican" and "Christian Register," 1866-67, ed.
Bret Harte is renowned as a chronicler of the California gold rush.
And so he reacted in character to the rugged brush country of South Texas, Colorado's towering snow-capped peaks, and the rolling waves of tall-grass prairie of central Oklahoma, reactions that allow us to read The West From a Car-Window as yet another story of comeuppance, suitable for shelving alongside Bret Harte and Mark Twain.
In Section 3 Morrow presents some of his work on "Popular Literature and Culture" with essays on Richard Farina, rock music, Bret Harte once again, and (of all things), "Those Sick Challenger Jokes.
The girls live a happy life with their mother, Gwen, until her abusive boyfriend Seth, brutally attacks Paige on the ninth grade courtyard at Bret Harte Junior High School.
The American novelist Bret Harte had concluded years before that the prince "was more like an American than an Englishman" (261).
The texts discussed in this section continue the entire volume's emphasis on gender (in es says on Dreiser and Chopin, Wharton and Dreiser) while also adding the further complications of class (in Fanny Fern and Hawthorne, and in the money novel) and region (the not-exactly-Western fiction of Bret Harte and Mary Hallock Foote).
Among its authors in those early days was Bret Harte.
Among his less likely supporters was the American writer and journalist, (Francis) Bret Harte.
And Western stories by Mark Twain and Bret Harte were wildly popular, as was Owen Wister's 1902 best-seller The Virginian, which introduced many of the conventions of the classic Hollywood Western: the strong, silent hero, the Eastern schoolmarm who deplores violence, and the climatic gunfight before a gallery of frightened townsfolk.