Josef Breuer

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Breuer, Josef

(yō`zĕf broi`ər), 1842–1925, Austrian physician. He was the first to use (1880–82) the cathartic method to cure hysteria. His therapy and theory, when developed by FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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, became psychoanalysis. Together they wrote Studies in Hysteria (1895).
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2) includes Lyonel Feininger, Johannes Itten, Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Laszlo and Lucia Moholy-Nagy, and graduates Herbert Bayer, Marcel Breuer, Josef and Anni Albers --all working on the synthesis of painting, design, typography, weaving, graphics and architecture.
The heavyweights of European Modernism have been documented exhaustively over the years, especially those who ended up settling in the United States such as Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer, Josef Albers, Pier Mondrian and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.