There are two basic types: spin qubits rely on one of the peculiar, impossible-to-visualize properties of subatomic particles; superconducting qubits are built around a circuit called a Josephson junction, a tiny insulator placed between superconducting wires, named for Cambridge physicist Brian Josephson
Even though the ultimate science of all, physics, and physicists including even Nobel laureates such as the world-renowned professor Brian Josephson
deem the conclusion of 'medical experts' on 'over-diluted placebos' as "primitive criticism" reflecting "ignorance in science," our tragic medical reality is that neither medical scientists, doctors, nor politicians read or even want to know this opinion.
Golubov and his colleagues have proposed creating basic memory cells based on quantum effects in "sandwiches" of a superconductor -- dielectric (or other insulating material) -- superconductor, which were predicted in the 1960s by the British physicist Brian Josephson
. The electrons in these "sandwiches" (they are called "Josephson junctions") are able to tunnel from one layer of a superconductor to another, passing through the dielectric like balls passing through a perforated wall.
Born and bred in Cardiff, Brian Josephson
is a theoretical physicist and a professor emeritus at the University of Cambridge.
It is comical, but even papers authored by Brian Josephson
(Nobel Prize in Physics, 1973) were refused by Cornell E-Print Archive.
Among an impressive list of contributors were Nobel Laureates Professor Sir Andre Geim, Professor Sir John Gurdon, Professor Anthony Hewish, Professor Brian Josephson
, Professor Sir Harold Kroto, Professor Sir John Walker and Sir Paul Nurse.
A similar type of censorship was attempted by physicists Antony Valentini and Mike Towler, who initially disinvited Nobel prize-winner Brian Josephson
and physicist David Peat to a conference discussing the work of David Bohm because of their interest in, respectively, psi and synchronicity (Reisz, 2010).
Thinkers nominated include three Nobel LaureatesBertrand Russell, Brian Josephson
and Clive Granger as well as religious leaders, such as Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams and St David.
Professor Brian Josephson
, recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics in 1973, is director of the Mind-Matter Unification Project of the Theory of Condensed Matter Group at the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, England.
In 1962, Brian Josephson
, a graduate student at Trinity College, Cambridge, England, predicted  that electrons can tunnel in pairs (Cooper pairs) between two superconductors separated by a thin insulating barrier (a weak link or Josephson junction).
It is good news for Wales and for education in Wales when Welsh scientists are honoured and recognised.": Previous Welsh Nobel winners:Professor Brian Josephson
from Cardiff won the Nobel prize for physics along with four other scientists in 1973.
Perhaps his crowning moments came when he gave a set of talks, one for the Society for Psychical Research in London and another for the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge, the latter at the invitation of Nobel Laureate Brian Josephson
. At these talks his work was placed under close scrutiny and survived intact, with only minor issues remaining to be resolved.